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==What is the LinkStation?==
==What is the LinkStation?==
[[Image:HD-H(G).jpg|thumb|100px|right| The LinkStation]]
[[Image:HD-H(G).jpg|thumb|100px|right| The LinkStation]]
:The '''[[w:LinkStation|LinkStation]]''' is a small electronic appliance about the size of a book that's intended for use as a [[w:Network-attached_storage| network-attached storage]] device, but which has earned a fair bit of ubiquity in the Linux and hacker community because of its ability to be converted into a general purpose [[w:Linux| Linux]] computer and adapted to tasks completely different from the purpose for which it was sold.  
:The '''LinkStation''' is a [[w:network attached storage|network-attached storage]] appliance sold in North America and Japan, that is significantly notable among the Linux community  both in Japan<ref>http://linkstation.yi.org/ - A Japanese website dedicated to hacking the LinkStation.</ref><ref>http://www.type-g.com/ - A Japanese wiki which contains some LinkStation information.</ref> and in the US/Europe<ref>http://linkstationwiki.net - The Linkstation Wiki</ref><ref>[[w:Yahoo!]] Groups: [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/LinkStation_General/ LinkStation General]</ref> for being "hackable" into a generic Linux appliance and made to do tasks other than the file storage task for which it was designed.
:The Linkstation has [[w:Ethernet|Ethernet]], [[w:USB|USB]], and serial ports, but does not have a [[w:Computer_display_standard|video output]]. It is made by [[w:Buffalo Technology|Buffalo Technology]]  <ref>[http://www.buffalotech.com/ Buffalo Technology]</ref> a division of [[w:Melco|Melco]]. Produced in Japan, as of 2006 it is also available at American retailers such as [[w:Best Buy|Best Buy]] and [[w:CompUSA|CompuUSA]], as well as in Europe.
:The Linkstation has undergone various improvements since it was first produced<ref>LinkStationwiki.net: [http://www.linkstationwiki.net/index.php?title=Information/Information#Hardware_Table_.28LinkStation_and_KuroBox.29 Hardware comparison (LinkStation and Kuro Box)]</ref>. For example, the first generation of this device had a [[w:100BASE-T|100BASE-T]] network adapter using a [[w:Parallel ATA|Parallel ATA]] hard drive. The most current version includes a [[w:1000BASE-T|1000BASE-T]]-capable connection. Most versions of the device use a [[w:PowerPC|PowerPC]] processor but one uses a [[w:MIPS architecture|MIPS]] processor. Future versions of the device use the [[w:Serial ATA|SATA]] interface<ref>[http://www.buffalotech.com/products/product-detail.php?productid=152&categoryid=34 LinkStation - SATA Version]</ref><ref>[http://www.buffalotech.com/products/product-detail.php?productid=127&categoryid=27 TeraStation - SATA Version]</ref> for the hard drive.
: Look here for more info: '''[[What is it?]]'''
: Look here for more info: '''[[What is it?]]'''

Revision as of 12:36, 16 October 2006

This article Based on work by nix, frontalot, tklee, admin. and mindbender. Originally by mindbender, Frontalot and admin. on Linkstationwiki.org

Any questions?

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
These are the primary frequently asked questions (FAQ) and their corresponding frequently-given responses.

Please check here prior to asking for further help in our IRC channel or in the Forum.



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Forum Rules

Please understand these rules aren't intended to prevent people from speaking their mind (good or bad) or to impose the team as a group of iron-fisted rulers. They are intended to help keep the forums functioning fairly and smoothly.

  1. Use the search function, both in the forum and the wiki. Please do not create a new thread when an appropriate thread exists already.
  2. Read the FAQ before posting a problem.
  3. Submit bugs via the Mantis bug tracking system. The bug tracker makes it much easier for developers to keep track (obviously) of all unresolved and resolved issues. You are free to and in fact are encouraged to discuss any issues in the forums.
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  • andre
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Sending a private message in the forum is the easiest way to get in touch.


What is the LinkStation?

The LinkStation
The LinkStation is a network-attached storage appliance sold in North America and Japan, that is significantly notable among the Linux community both in Japan[1][2] and in the US/Europe[3][4] for being "hackable" into a generic Linux appliance and made to do tasks other than the file storage task for which it was designed.
The Linkstation has Ethernet, USB, and serial ports, but does not have a video output. It is made by Buffalo Technology [5] a division of Melco. Produced in Japan, as of 2006 it is also available at American retailers such as Best Buy and CompuUSA, as well as in Europe.
The Linkstation has undergone various improvements since it was first produced[6]. For example, the first generation of this device had a 100BASE-T network adapter using a Parallel ATA hard drive. The most current version includes a 1000BASE-T-capable connection. Most versions of the device use a PowerPC processor but one uses a MIPS processor. Future versions of the device use the SATA interface[7][8] for the hard drive.

Look here for more info: What is it?

What is the difference between a LinkStation and a Kurobox

The LinkStation comes with a HDD and Kurobox does not.
The term LinkStation, as well as the term KuroBox each stand for a family of devices. Some of them are basically the same hardware, others are only available as part of one family or the other family. Buffalo/Revolution/Melco has also phased out some older versions in each family (e.g. the H-LAN, the original KuroBox, the KuroBox HG).
Currently, there is only one particular KuroBox, the HG WR, available from Revolution. That one has no direct LinkStation equivalent, since it has an external "brick" power supply, while all current LinkStations have build-in power supplies. The KuroBox HG WR is otherwise similar to the LinkStations HD-HGLAN.
On the other hand, there is a LinkStation HD-HLAN which is build in two versions. One has a PPC (LS1) the other a MIPSel (LS2) processor. Only the version with the PPC was ever available without a hard disk under the name KuroBox. There was never a MIPSel-based KuroBox.
If you want to buy a KuroBox, then you can currently only get the HG WR from Revolution. If you want to buy a LinkStation, you can get a HD-HLAN (and typically you have no say if you get one with a PPC or MIPSel). Or you can buy a HD-HGLAN LinkStation (which always has a PPC, like all KuroBoxes). Or you can try one of the new LS from the HS-GL series (these have hardware similar, but not identical, to the HD-HGLANs with additional media server software).
There are a few optical differences between an LS and a KB (case color), and KBs don't have these two annoying screws in the case which make it more difficult to physically open an LS case.
--nix - Linkstation vs KuroBox

What is a LinkStation I? What is a LinkStation II? What is a Gigabit LinkStation?

The HD-HLAN (PowerPC) LinkStation is sometimes referred to as the PPC LinkStation or LinkStation I (LS1).
The HD-HLAN (MIPSel) LinkStation is sometimes referred to as the MIPSel LinkStation or LinkStation II (LS2).
The HD-HGLAN (PowerPC) LinkStation is sometimes referred to as the HG LinkStation or Gigabit LinkStation.

What are the differences between the HD-HLAN (PowerPC), HD-HLAN (MIPSel), and The HD-HGLAN (PowerPC) LinkStations?

The HD-HLAN (PowerPC) and HD-HLAN (MIPSel) LinkStations are essentially the same system running on different hardware (PowerPC versus MIPSel). The HD-HGLAN (PowerPC) also is a PowerPC system but features a gigabit ethernet connection and a faster processor than the HD-HLAN (PowerPC) LinkStation.

Which LinkStation is the best?

Each LinkStation has its strengths and weaknesses. The HD-HLAN (PowerPC) and the HD-HGLAN (PowerPC) LinkStations have been available longer and thus have been more thoroughly hacked. The HD-HLAN (MIPSel) has not been as thoroughly hacked as it's PowerPC cousins. The HD-HGLAN (PowerPC) LinkStation is the only unit with gigabit ethernet connectivity. You may examine our benchmark results and make your own decision.
Power-architecture-logo.png MIPS Logo color.png ARM Logo hires.png
Linkstation Home Server
Linkstation Pro
LS Live
Linkstation Live
Linkstation EX
LS LGL.jpg
LS Quad
Power-architecture-logo.png ARM Logo hires.png
Kuro-box pro.jpg

What about the differences between the different LinkStations and KuroBoxes?

CPU PowerPC MIPSel PowerPC PowerPC PowerPC PowerPC ARM9 ARM9 ARM9 ARM9 ARM9
CPU Clock 200MHz 400MHz 266MHz 266MHz 200MHz 266MHz 400MHz 400MHz 266 BogoMIPS 333MHz ? 400MHz
FLASH ROM 4MB 4MB 4MB 4MB 4MB 4MB 256KB 256KB  ? 256KB 256KB + 256MB
D-RAM 64MB 64MB 128MB 128MB 64MB 128MB 128MB 128MB 128MB 16(!) 128MB
USB Port 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 0 2
MiniPCI - Installation
- - - - - - - - -
Network 10BASE-T
 ? 1.01
Stock Kernel 2.4.17 2.4.20 2.4.20 2.4.20 2.4.17 2.4.17 *2 or
or 2.6.16 *3
or 2.6.16 *3 armv5tejl 2008-09-30
Special - - - - telnet/ftp enabled
in EM Mode
telnet/ftp enabled
in EM Mode
- - - - boot possible from
flash & hdd
GPL-Source [1] [2] [3] [4] NO NO [5] & [6] [7] & [8] [9] [10] NO
*1: the HG and the HS are identical from the hardware point of view
*2: only early japanese Kurobox HG`s have the 2.4.17 kernel in flash
*3: depends on the preinstalled firmware. they moved to 2.6.16 with firmware 1.10

Models were available in Japan only

Type ? ? ? ?
CPU Clock 200MHz 200MHz 400MHz unconfirmed
FLASH ROM 16MB 4MB 4MB unconfirmed
D-RAM 64MB 64MB 64MB? unconfirmed
USB Port - - - unconfirmed
MiniPCI 1 *1  ? unconfirmed
Network 10BASE-T
23,May 2006
GPL-Source [11] [12] [13] [14] & [15]
*1: There are some which have a MiniPCI slot depending on a lot.[9]
  1. http://linkstation.yi.org/ - A Japanese website dedicated to hacking the LinkStation.
  2. http://www.type-g.com/ - A Japanese wiki which contains some LinkStation information.
  3. http://linkstationwiki.net - The Linkstation Wiki
  4. w:Yahoo! Groups: LinkStation General
  5. Buffalo Technology
  6. LinkStationwiki.net: Hardware comparison (LinkStation and Kuro Box)
  7. LinkStation - SATA Version
  8. TeraStation - SATA Version
  9. Why don't you hack the LinkStation/KURO-BOX

What are the more verbose differences between the (LS1, LS2, and HG/HS)?

CPU 200Mhz Freescale MPC8241 with MPC603e Motorola PowerPC core. 400MHz IDT 79RC32434-400BC with MIPSel CPU core 266Mhz Freescale MPC8241 with MPC603e Motorola PowerPC core.
RAM 64MB Micron MT48LC16M16A2-75 SDRAM 64MB Micron MT 46V32MI6-SBC SDRAM 128MB ELPIDA DS2516APTA-75 SDRAM
Flash ROM 4MB ST M29W320DT HG003 4MB Macronix MX29LV320T. 4MB ST M29W320DT HG001
USB 2 type A(rear - /dev/usb/lp0, front - /dev/usb/lp1) - NEC D720101GJ 2 type A(rear - /dev/usb/lp0, front - /dev/usb/lp1) - NEC D720101GJ 2 type A(rear - /dev/usb/lp0, front - /dev/usb/lp1) - NEC D720101GJ
NIC 10/100Mb ADMtek AN983B PCI ethernet controller 10/100Mb Realtek 8201CPPCI ethernet controller 10/100/1000Mb Realtek RTL8110S-32 PCI ethernet controller
IDE Controller Silicon Image SiI 0680acl144 IT8211 PCI IDE disk controller. Silc0680acl144 OR IT8211 PCI IDE disk controller
Stock Firmware 1.x 2.x 1.x
AVR AT90S2313-4SC AT???????-??? AT90S2313-4SC
AVR Analysis powerpc-hdhlan AVR Analysis mipsel-hdhlan AVR Analysis powerpc-hdhglan AVR Analysis
Benchmarks powerpc-hdhlan Benchmarks mipsel-hdhlan Benchmarks powerpc-hdhglan Benchmarks
Bootloader powerpc-hdhlan Boot Loader Overview mipsel-hdhlan Boot Loader Overview powerpc-hdhglan Boot Loader Overview
Flash ROM powerpc-hdhlan Flash ROM Analysis mipsel-hdhlan Flash ROM Analysis powerpc-hdhglan Flash ROM Analysis
Hardware powerpc-hdhlan Overview mipsel-hdhlan Overview powerpc-hdhglan Overview
Kernel powerpc-hdhlan Kernel mipsel-hdhlan Kernel powerpc-hdhglan Kernel
LED powerpc-hdhlan LED Analysis mipsel-hdhlan LED Analysis powerpc-hdhglan LED Analysis
Software powerpc-hdhlan Filesystem contents mipsel-hdhlan Filesystem contents powerpc-hdhglan Filesystem contents
Watchdog Timer powerpc-hdhlan Watchdog Timer Overview mipsel-hdhlan Watchdog Timer Overview powerpc-hdhglan Watchdog Timer Overview

Which is better, the LinkStation or the NSLU2?

The LinkStation has
  1. A faster processor
  2. More RAM
  3. A large internal hard drive
  4. Optional gigabit ethernet connectivity

  1. Costs less
  2. Has a more developed hacking community.


What's the difference between OpenLink and FreeLink? Which one is right for me?

Both firmwares replace the original Buffalo firmware when you flash them onto your Linkstation; all Linkstation firmwares (operating systems, so-to-speak) are Linux based.
OpenLink is our effort to provide firmware which “opens” your LinkStation, thus providing full access to the LinkStation. The OpenLink firmware is built upon the most recent official LinkStation firmware release. It retains all the stock capabilities of the official LinkStation firmware while adding a number of binaries and libraries. OpenLink is close to the look-and-feel of the Buffalo firmware, but enhanced: You can log on as root (system administrator), tweak the configuration, and install additional software. This makes OpenLink the first choice for less experienced Linux users.
FreeLink is our effort to provide firmware which “frees” your LinkStation The FreeLink firmware is built upon the most recent official LinkStation firmware release. It replaces the stock LinkStation Linux build with the latest Debian stable build. Debian is one of the most popular Linux distributions. Debian is highly regarded for its powerful package management system and huge software repository. The price for this is that you will lose the web based configuration tool shipped with the stock firmware - if you are familiar with Linux and your LinkStation, this should be no problem (otherwise you should consider this fact).

Can I install OpenLink or FreeLink on an HD-HG300?

Because of a perceived increase in bricked HD-HG300's at a certain point in time, some people came up with the theory that there is a series of HD-HG300 LinkStations out there which are somehow inherently broken and can't be flashed. This is a theory, there is no proof of this. The thought is that some series of the 300 gigabyte HG Linkstations will always be bricked if you attempt to flash them with OpenLink or FreeLink, because these are thought to be defective. Kuroguy has revived one of these bricked boxes via JTAG, so if you brick your box, all is not lost. The serial numbers below are not number ranges, they are single serial numbers where the last three digits have been anonymised.
The theory says you have have one of these LinkStations if your Serial Number is below:
  1. 15803350910xxxx
  2. 45803351010xxxx
  3. 45803351011xxxx
  4. 458011650810xxx
  5. 458011650910xxx
  6. 458011650911xxx
  7. 45801650910xxx
See here for more information: Non Flashable HD-HG300

Will I lose my data when installing a new firmware?

No and yes. There are three partions of the LinkStation by default (hda1 - 394MB) (hda2 - 271MB) (hda3 - remaining). The operating system is kept on hda1, hda2 is a swap partition. The hard drive partition arrangement and data on hda3, which contains the LinkStation’s Samba, Netatalk, and FTP shares, is preserved between flashes. When you flash the firmware either with updated buffalo firmware (after all that's what the firmware updater is for) or OpenLink or FreeLink the data on /dev/hda1, which includes the operating system, will be completely erased.

How can I change my LinkStation’s firmware? The firmware updater won’t allow me to!

The version number for the firmware updater is contained in the file linkstation_version.txt or /etc/linkstation_release.txt. Change this number to something higher than the existing firmware version. The linkstation_version.txt firmware version number is only used for comparison to the existing firmware version number; the real firmware version is stored inside the flash firmware. Take precaution when downgrading from modified firmware to official firmware because there is version specific information (for example, passwords for extracting the firmware) that Buffalo Technology may change with an update.

I’m trying to run the firmware updater and I receive the following error: The Network Address of the Computer and the LinkStation Differ, Hence an update cannot be completed. Please change one of the IP addresses so that the Network Addresses are the same. How can I run the firmware updater?

Usually when the LinkStation is not connected to anything it will revert to its default IP address of To be able to connect to it and run the update you will need to set your PC to be in the same range as the unit, e.g., If you connect the unit directly to your PC and set the IP address on the PC, you should be able to open the config screen for the LinkStation and then run the update.
Before trying the steps above, you should disable any network interfaces (physical and virtual - e.g. those installed with VMWare) that are not connected to the network to which the LinkStation is connected. The Firmware Updater seems to only use the first network interface it finds, and there is no means of selection on the GUI.

I can’t install OpenLink/FreeLink/stock firmware! The firmware updater always fails halfway through. What’s wrong?

The Windows XP firewall is the number one cause of a failed firmware update. Disable all firewalls on or between your PC and LinkStation before running the firmware updater. If your computer has 2 network cards, disable the one which isn’t connected to the LinkStation.

I wish to start from scratch because my stuff is royally screwed. Where should I start ?

Look Here: Recover a non working "bricked" Linkstation
After you're done with those instructions, if you wish to increase partition1's size to 1G or more and make the swap 512M or more to make room for more programs, use parted or fdisk to delete p2&p3&p4 that the Linkstation created and then increase the existing p1, then recreate p2(swap type) &p3. Once p2&p3 are recreated, use this to mkswap and other things:
Convert your PPC LinkStation into a full-blown Debian system

I downloaded a custom firmware and now telnet no longer prompts me for a password. What’s going on?

Since we don’t know the stock root password and cannot overwrite the existing passwd file with a firmware flash (yet), we need an easy way to gain root access. Thus we are forced to automatically open the root shell prompt, enabling the user to make some needed changes. Once you have gained root access by changing the password of root with "passwd", open up /etc/init.d/utelnetd with
vi /etc/init.d/utelnetd

and change:

/sbin/utelnetd -l /bin/bash &
/sbin/utelnetd -l /bin/login &.
Reboot your LinkStation and you’re good to go.

google for "vi quick reference" if you need any help with vi.

What is the password for the powerpc-hdhlan 1.x firmware image.dat?


What is the password for the mipsel-hdhlan 2.x firmware image.dat?


What is the password for the powerpc-hdhglan 1.x firmware image.dat?


What is the password for the arm9-ls-gl 1.x firmware hddrootfs.img?


What is the password for the arm9-ls-gl 1.x firmware initrd.img?

If this doesn't work, then try one of these:
(source : http://forum.nas-central.org/viewtopic.php?p=40065 )

Where can I get firmware to open the HSDGL LinkStation ?

Telnet enabled firmware is available here (direct download)

How do I change the web interface from Japanese to English?

Edit /www/cgi-bin/mellib.pl and go down until you see this:
$defLANGE = 'JP';
$defLANGE = 'EN';
and save, Afterwards, the buttons on the left in the Web Interface will be in English.
This only works for ppc/mipsel based boxes. the arm9-boxes have a completely different webinterface.
Thanks to mindbender for these instructions


Terastation Wiki FAQ: How do I change the web interface from Japanese to English?

I get the error "A LinkStation is not connected" when I run the firmware updater, but I can browse the shares & use the web interface

See Also: I followed all tips from the FAQ-section...i disabled my Firewall, i try to directly connect the LS with a crossover-cable....i can connect to it over the webinterface, the samba shares and over telnet...but the firmware updater does not find the Linkstation....what else could be wrong?
Chances are that your running version 2.6 of the kernel - presently, you can only flash on v2.4. Please read this thread on the forum as this matter is currently under investigation

I used the Upgrade to the 2.6-kernel (ppc only) instructions, After a power failure my system seems to be back on Kernel 2.4 What is the best way to just reinstall or select the Kernel V2.6?

See Upgrade to the 2.6-kernel (ppc only)#System control phase


What version of Samba does the stock LinkStation come with? Netatalk? thttpd? WU-FTPD? ProFTPD?

  • Samba 2.2.8a-ja-1.1-beta5
  • Netatalk 1.6.4
  • thttpd 2.25b
  • WU-FTPD 2.6.2
  • ProFTPD 1.2.9.

smb.conf keeps getting regenerated every reboot, and all the changes I made to it are erased. How do I fix this??

The /etc/samba/smb.conf file is regenerated automatically on every reboot by the melco-scripts. Samba 3.0.23 is not compatible with the smb.conf that gets created for samba 2.2. In order to use use your handmade samba config, and tell the LS not to touch it: Have a look at
How to disable the automatic update of smb.conf, proftpd.conf, Applevolumes.default

I can't connect to Windows shares from my PCs or Macs

Look here for more information: Troubleshooting Windows shares (samba)

Does the LinkStation offer NFS (Network File System) support?

Yes for later HG models. Other versions will but you will need to install the additional kernel modules first.
Currently Kernel-NFS is possible on the LS1, LS HG with 2.6-kernel and on the LS2 with the kernel-modules of the stock kernel.
Look Here Articles/GeneralNFS

I want to Install XXXX Piece of software or use a device that requires Kernel Modules not available in the stock 2.4.XX Linux Kernel Release. Is there a way to get a 2.6.XX Linux Kernel with more support/modules that will allow me to do this?

PowerPC Only This method only works for the powerpc-hdhlan and powerpc-hdhglan LinkStations
You can upgrade to a 2.6.XX kernel from the 2.4.XX currently included in the Debian (FreeLink) release, on LS1, HG, KuroBox, and KuroHG. There's a package with additional files for users on Openlink, Sylver, or Stock Firmware.
The 2.6.XX kernels address virtually all shortcomings of the LS stock kernels: Very good USB support, NFS, routing, quotas, lots more.
The 400+ modules are optional -- you could delete them, as the "LS core functions", support for mass storage devices and printing, have been compiled into the kernel. There's even an automatic webinstaller
Look Here: The Linkstation Wiki 2.6 series linux kernel effort

I can’t seem to log in via FTP as root. How can I do this?

There are many good reasons why you shouldn’t log in via FTP as root (too many to list here). You should consider whether you really need to log in as root. If you absolutely must log in as root, edit /etc/ftpusers, and remove the prohibited username root.

I managed to lock myself out of the web interface. How can I fix this?

Delete /www/.htpasswd and /www/cgi-bin/.htpasswd. The LinkStation will automatically regenerate the appropriate files.

When connected to the LinkStation via telnet, pressing enter/return once actually results in two carriage returns. How can I fix this?

Under PuTTY’s configuration menu, select “Connection,” then “Telnet,” and uncheck
Return key sends Telnet New Line instead of ^M.

I followed all tips from the FAQ-section...i disabled my Firewall, i try to directly connect the LS with a crossover-cable....i can connect to it over the webinterface, the samba shares and over telnet...but the firmware updater does not find the Linkstation....what else could be wrong?

Hz4711 had this problem: the linkstation has a service called ls_servd(apservd) which is needed for the firmware updater. it did not start. over telnet he could delete /var/run/ls_servd-eth0.pid because it was pretty old (you can check this by doing a "ls -a" in /var/run)...
afterwards start apservd:
/etc/init.d/apservd start
hopefully this happened only with an old openlink-version

I cannot connect to the Buffalo's FTP-Server?

The location and password have changed numerous times but the ftp-server now (at last check) allow anonymous connections (finally!):
Username: anonymous
Password: anonymous
Path: /disk1/share
direct link for your browser:

Where can i download the GPL-sources for the stock firmwares?

buffalo.jp provides them here:

thx to r0m we now have a mirror!:

Why is my clock all screwed up? The localtime is set to Japan, how do I change it. Can I use ntpdate? and where I can insert the timeserver?

  1. Openlink
    1. The Original Buffalo Way, The Mipsel-hdhlan Buffalo Way, and Fixing the Buffalo Way
    2. The Correct Way - Typical, The Correct Way - Large Clock Drifts
      1. Correct the system time and setup Network Time Protocol (NTP)
  2. FreeLink
    1. Correct the LinkStation time zone setting using TZCONFIG
    2. Use apt-get to install the NTP packages. And use the Network Time Protocol (ntpdate)
      1. Solve the LinkStation's problematic clock drift


/bin/more doesn't work. It says 'more: /dev/console: No such device'.

cd /dev
mknod tty0 c 4 0
mknod tty1 c 4 1
mknod tty2 c 4 2
mknod tty3 c 4 3
mknod tty4 c 4 4
mknod tty5 c 4 5
mknod tty6 c 4 6
mknod tty c 5 0
(by ramon)

After moving directory to hda3 to free up space on hda1, some symbolic links don't work any more.

If you move files from hda1 to hda3 you must take care to add all necessary symlinks, to solve problems with busybox and perhaps other programs. Instructions are in the article on freeing up space on hda1.

A lot of commands stopped working. Busybox is overwritten after installing Development Tools.

This is very possible if you install some package which overwrites busybox through its symbolic links. For example, the Development Tools overwrites 'cmp' (through /usr/bin/cmp -> /bin/busybox) and this may ruin your busybox. One way to prevent this is add the k option (non-overwriting) for tar in install.sh.
If your busybox is overwritten, you might not even be able to boot. In that case, you'll have to rescue your busybox through other means, e.g. mount your HD under PC and use ext2_fix to write back the binary file.
I found busybox is easily overwritten, so I always keep another copy somewhere else and copy it back after any potential writing into /bin, /sbin, or /usr/bin.

My Linkstation has a static ip-adress and is connected to a router. How do I add (permanent) access to internet?

general settings: Ip-adress of my router is Ip-adress of my Linkstation is After installing mipsel-openlink-052b, first I checked /etc/resolv.conf:

 root@LS2:~# cat /etc/resolv.conf

I did not need to edit resolv.conf. No idea who did it for me, but thanks anyway ;-)

Adding a route manually (routing information is gone after reboot).

 root@LS2:~# route add default gw

Adding a route permanently (routing information is restored after reboot).

 root@LS2:~# vi /etc/network/interfaces
 auto lo
 iface lo inet loopback
 auto eth0
 iface eth0 inet static
 root@LS2:~# reboot

In the file above I only had to change gateway from to the adress of my router.

Verification by following commands

route -e (same as netstat -r) as well as ping google.com (and successful downloads using wget)


Can I connect multiple USB devices to the LinkStation via a USB hub?

Yes. Please see Connect multiple USB devices to the LinkStation via a USB hub for detailed instructions.

Help! I was attempting to do “xxx” and now my LinkStation won’t work. What can I do?

Provided you haven’t altered the flash memory, reapplying the firmware update will usually return the LinkStation to the stock configuration. If you are not able to communicate with it on multiple levels (i.e. pings, ssh, web) You can try to boot into EM-mode, depending on the problem, this may give you access to certain areas, such as web interface and file sharing. You can also remove the hard drive from the LinkStation and connect it to a Linux workstation for repair. See the Articles area for instructions on how to disassemble the LinkStation.

What does the red button on the back do? Is it a reset button?

The red button causes the LinkStation to reboot. On reboot it replaces the current password files with the stock versions. If the hard drive is not present or partitioned then it may go into EM mode where the system can be flashed via the firmware updater.
You DO NOT force EM mode by holding the red init button and then powering up the unit. You will notice on the front of the unit, the power , disk full and diag light will flash in unison. Only the watchdog is disabled.

My LinkStation LED(s) blinks X times and then powers down. What do the blinks mean?

Please see the powerpc-hdhlan, mipsel-hdhlan, or powerpc-hdhglan LED Analysis.

What is EM mode?, How do I get my LinkStation out of EM mode?

EM Mode officially means Engineering Mode, but we also call it Emergency Mode. If the LinkStation encounters a serious error with the hard drive or file system it will enter EM Mode. When in EM mode the LinkStation loads its file system from the flash instead of the hard drive. The LinkStation can be seen on the network with the IP address but can only be reached via ping or the LinkStation firmware flasher. The firmware updater is able to find the Linkstation, only if UDP-Port 22936 is open. This is always true in EM Mode. An FTP server appears to be running but we currently don’t know the username/password and what can be done via FTP.
You will need to correct the hard drive error and re-flash the firmware to get the LinkStation out of EM mode. Some users have reported success with installing a blank hard drive (in ext3 format) and flashing the firmware.

How noisy is the LinkStation? Is it fit for bedroom use?

The fan is relatively quiet compared to the average PC fan. However, it certainly isn’t silent (as Buffalo Technology advertises) and may be too loud for people who require absolute silence. Reports from several users seem to indicate that mipsel-hdhlan LinkStations are noticeably louder than powerpc-hdhlan or powerpc-hdhglan LinkStations.

The fan is making a loud noise. How can I fix this?

See this article for suggestions on how to fix this: Fan noise

Can I replace the LinkStation fan?

Yes. The stock fan is a 40mm x 10mm 12V fan, ADDA part #AD0412LX-G76 (see http://www.addausa.com/model_index.htm for more information). It can be replaced with most any equivalent fan. It may be easier to get the three pinned smart fans so that the system wont lock up.

What are the default settings of the LinkStation HD

This is true only for the 160 GB SAMSUNG SP1604N disk, which came with my LS2:
Cache Size: 2048 KB
S.M.A.R.T. Status: Good
Max. ultra DMA mode: 5
Acoustic management: Disabled
Power management: Not supported
Write cache: Enabled
Read look-ahaed: Enabled

I checked the settings above with Hitachi Feature Tool which is able to change aoustic settings on other brands as well.

When you flash the firmware you do not lose the data in any shared folders that you've created?

There are three partions of the LinkStation by default (hda1 - 394MB) (hda2 - 271MB) (hda3 - remaining). The operating system is kept on hda1, hda2 is a swap partition. hda3 is the partition that is mounted to store your "data" into. When you flash the firmware either with updated buffalo firmware (after all that's what the firmware updater is for) or OpenLink or FreeLink you overwrite the operating system, in this case Linux on hda1 only. Your "data" on hda3 should remain untouched.

What are the default partition sizes?

hda1 - 394MB
hda2 - 271MB
hda3 - remaining

I’m nearly out of hard drive space on hda1. What can I do?

You can relocate the /home, /usr, and /var directories to /dev/hda3 (/mnt or /mnt/hda on the LinkStation) and use a symbolic link on /dev/hda1. Detailed instructions are in the article on freeing up space on hda1.

Can I dynamically repartition the LinkStation hard drive?

You may be able to dynamically repartition the hard drive by using GNU Parted. Try it at your own risk! Resizing ext3 partitions with parted has an important limitation: The start of the partition must stay fixed. See parted documentation.

How do I do something cool with my LinkStation?


Check out the Articles section which shows all the various articles on the Wiki by category. The community may have done something already that would interest you!
Articles 40px-Open_book_01.svg.png

Debian Repository

Search the Debian repository for PowerPC packages you can use Apt-Get to obtain if you have FreeLink on your LinkStation

SourceForge.net and Freshmeat.net

Search through SourceForge and Freshmeat to find something useful, Add it to the Wiki if you get it to work!!

Kurobox.com and NSLU2-Linux

See if the Kuro Box folks or the Linksys NSLU2(Slug) Folks have done something useful that you can use! The Kuro Box Forums and Contests are often especially useful.


This category has only the following subcategory.