Convert your PPC LinkStation into a full-blown Debian system
This article Based on work by andre, Thorongil and frontalot. Originally by frontalot. at Linkstationwiki.org
- This article describes how to install Freelink (Debian for the LinkStation) by opening the Linkstation and copying the new distribution to the drive. To install Freelink using the Flash Installer (without opening the Linkstation), follow this link.
1. Backup all your important data (see GeneralBackup).
2. If you don't have a Linux workstation you may use the Knoppix bootable Linux CD from http://www.knoppix.org.
3. Download fix_ext2_magic from the downloads area, download the Putty telnet/SSH client from http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/download.html, and download the latest PPC Debian LinkStation package from the downloads area.
4. Disassemble the LinkStation and connect it to a workstation (see Articles/GeneralDisassemble).
5. Run fix_ext2_magic to repair the partition information and make the hard drive mountable. Use the command, where x is the hard drive name:
./fix_ext2_magic --fix /dev/hdx1
6. Mount the LinkStation hard drive. Use the command:
mount /dev/hdx1 /mnt/hdx1
7. Unmount the LinkStation hard drive. Use the command:
8. Partition the LinkStation hard drive according to your preferences. A good choice is a 2GB partition 1 (main), a 512MB partition 2 (swap), and the remaining hard drive space partition 3. Use:
|What is hdx?|
|Replace "x" with whatever letter you have mounted the hard drive as (such as "a" or "b.")|
9. Build an ext3 file system on partitions 1 and 3. Use the commands:
mke2fs -j /dev/hdx1; mke2fs -j /dev/hdx3
10. Turn off the file system check timers since partitions 1 and 3 are ext3 with journals. Use the commands:
tune2fs -i0 -c0 /dev/hdx1; tune2fs -i0 -c0 /dev/hdx3
11. Build the swap space. Use the command:
12. Mount partition 1. Use the command:
mount /dev/hdx1 /mnt/hdx1
13. Extract the LinkStation Debian tar. Use the commands:
cd /mnt/hdx1; tar -zxvf ./debian_package_date_dist.tgz
14. Previous versions of this tutorial directed you to replace the kernel modules folder with the updated version available here. The updated kernel modules now come pre-installed in the latest Debian distribution.
15. Correct the networking files so you can connect to the Linkstation. Edit /etc/network/interfaces, /etc/resolv.conf, /etc/hosts, /etc/hosts.allow, and /etc/hosts.deny to your network settings. It is recommended to change /etc/hosts.deny to ALL : PARANOID.
16. Shutdown the computer, remove the LinkStation hard drive, reassemble the LinkStation (make sure to return the hard drive jumper to cable select), and turn it on.
17. Connect to the LinkStation via telnet. The default users are:
tmp-kun:tmp-kun and root:root
18. Log in as tmp-kun and su to root.
19. Now be sure that swap space is activated (your linkstation may fail on you when doing heavy work because of filled up RAM), run "top", it shows you in the upper left corner the available swap space. If it's zero, run:
mkswap /dev/hda2 swapon
20. Edit /etc/apt/sources.list and add the following line to the beginning of sources.list:
deb http://security.debian.org stable/updates main contrib non-free deb http://mirrors.kernel.org/debian stable main contrib non-free deb-src http://security.debian.org stable/updates main contrib non-free deb-src http://mirrors.kernel.org/debian stable main contrib non-free
21. Now update the list of packages. Use the command:
22. Then upgrade your system by using the command:
23. Reboot the LinkStation. Use the command:
24. Log in to the LinkStation via telnet and su to root. Make a new user. Use the command:
25. Logout, log back using the new username, and su to root. Then remove the default tmp-kun user. Use the command:
26. Set a new root password. This is very important. Use the command:
27. And enter your new password. Lastly let's change the hostname from the default KURO-BOX to one of your choice. Use the command:
28. However, the changes won't be saved unless we edit 2 more files. First open up /etc/hostname and replace KURO-BOX with the hostname of your choice. Then open up /etc/hosts and again replace KURO-BOX with the hostname of your choice. Reboot your LinkStation and verify the changes by typing the command:
29. That should output the new host name. Congratulations, you have successfully installed Debian on your LinkStation. Now wasn't that easy?