Difference between revisions of "Create a custom firmware image"

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{{Template:Articles|Software|Hacking|Opensource Firmware Updater}}Most of this information was taken from the excellent [http://www.geishuettner.de/docs/Linkstation/Hacking%20Linkstation%20II.pdf hacking how-to] of [http://www.geishuettner.de/docs/Linkstation/ geishuettners page].
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{{Template:Articles|LSPro|LSLive|Software|Hacking|Opensource Firmware Updater}}Most of this information was taken from the excellent [http://www.geishuettner.de/docs/Linkstation/Hacking%20Linkstation%20II.pdf hacking how-to] of [http://www.geishuettner.de/docs/Linkstation/ geishuettners page].
  
 
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   cd ..
 
   cd ..
 
   mv hddrootfs.buffalo.updated hddrootfs.buffalo.updated-old
 
   mv hddrootfs.buffalo.updated hddrootfs.buffalo.updated-old
   mv hddrootfs.buffalo.updated-net hddrootfs.buffalo.updated
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   mv hddrootfs.buffalo.updated-new hddrootfs.buffalo.updated
  
 
'''5) create the hddrootfs.img again'''
 
'''5) create the hddrootfs.img again'''
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  ln -s ../../init.d/utelnetd S07utelnetd
 
  ln -s ../../init.d/utelnetd S07utelnetd
 
'''3)''' modify additional stuff or go on with point 4 of the general article
 
'''3)''' modify additional stuff or go on with point 4 of the general article
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= Links =
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* [[Examine ARM9 Firmware without Updating]]

Latest revision as of 19:38, 20 April 2010

Most of this information was taken from the excellent hacking how-to of geishuettners page.


Nuvola apps important.png 
WARNING!

CAUTION: Experts only


Kurobrick.png
WARNING!

There is a possibility that you could brick your NAS with these instructions. Please make sure that you read the entire page carefully.



Contents

General

This is a description how someone can create a custom firmware image.

This is also the way any special distribution (Projects/OpenLink,Projects/FreeLink,Projects/GenLink) gets developed. (and of course - this was the way how telnet was added to the images)

There is only one requirment ->You have to know the password of image.dat/hddrootfs.img

Here all passwords are collected: FAQ

Collected passwords

copied from http://www.terastation.org/wiki/Firmware_password

NFM_TUPSBHFNFM_TUPSBHF
1NIf_2yUOlRDpYZUVNqboRpMBoZwT4PzoUvOPUp6l
aAhvlM1Yp7_2VSm6BhgkmTOrCN1JyE0C5Q6cB3oBB
YvSInIQopeipx66t_DCdfEvfP47qeVPhNhAuSYmA4
IeY8omJwGlGkIbJm2FH_MV4fLsXE8ieu0gNYwE6Ty

Old Variants - LS1/LS2/HG/HS

1) unzip the image.dat that resides in the zip-file of the base image with the right password

 unzip image.dat

provide the right password for the firmware.

the result of this is a tmpimage.tgz...this is the tared root-filesystem of the firmware image.


2) create a folder where you want to untar the image and untar it

 mkdir <foldername>
 cd <foldername>
 tar -vxz --numeric-owner -p -f ../tmpimage.tgz

now you can see the root-filesystem which normaly resides on /dev/hda1 (or / )


3) modify the image as you like Advice: use relative paths if you create symlinks. absolute paths won`t work.
For example you could add telnet as outlined below.

4) create the tmpimage.tgz again

(you should be in the folder where you extracted the image)

 tar -vczf ../tmpimage-new.tgz .
 cd ..
 mv tmpimage.tgz tmpimage-old.tgz
 mv tmpimage-new.tgz tmpimage.tgz

5) create the image.dat again

CAUTION: if you use the wrong password, the firmware updater / the linkstation will fail to unzip the image.dat.....this means you will have a wiped /dev/hda1 with no files on it.

Opening the case will be the only possible solutions.

 zip -e image.dat tmpimage.tgz


you should have a custom image.dat afterwards :)


New Variant - LSPro/LSLive

Note: For the LS Pro (LS-GL), image.dat is called hddrootfs.img and the tarball of the root file system is called hddrootfs.buffalo.updated .

1) unzip the hddrootfs.img

 unzip hddrootfs.img

provide the right password for the firmware.

the result of this is a hddrootfs.buffalo.updated...this is the tared root-filesystem of the firmware image.

2) create a folder where you want to untar the rootfs and untar it

 mkdir <foldername>
 cd <foldername>
 tar -vxz --numeric-owner -p -f ../hddrootfs.buffalo.updated

now you can see the root-filesystem which normaly resides on /dev/sda2 (or / )

3) modify the image as you like Advice: use relative paths if you create symlinks. absolute paths won`t work.
For example you could add telnet as outlined below.

4) create the hddrootfs.buffalo.updated again (you should be in the folder where you extracted the image)

Note: The LS-GL must be tared with the -C flag

 tar -vczf ../hddrootfs.buffalo.updated-new -C /absolute/pathe/to/extracted_image dir1 dir2

dir1, dir2, and so forth are the directories located under the extracted image folder (i.e. bin, dev, etc, home, lib, ...)

 cd ..
 mv hddrootfs.buffalo.updated hddrootfs.buffalo.updated-old
 mv hddrootfs.buffalo.updated-new hddrootfs.buffalo.updated

5) create the hddrootfs.img again

CAUTION: if you use the wrong password, the firmware updater / the linkstation will fail to unzip the hddrootfs.img.....this means you will have a wiped /dev/sda2 with no files on it.

Opening the case will be the only possible solutions.

 zip -e hddrootfs.img hddrootfs.buffalo.updated


you should have a custom hddrootfs.img afterwards :)

Howto enable telnet

1) place

PPC:
http://downloads.nas-central.org/Uploads/OldUploads/LS1-HG-HS_PPC/BINARIES/utelnetd

MIPSel:
?

to sbin and

PPC:
http://downloads.nas-central.org/ArchIndependent/Scripts/startscripts/generation_2/utelnetd


MIPSel:
?

to etc/init.d/

2) create the symlink so telnetd starts at startup

cd etc/rc.d/rc2.d
ln -s ../../init.d/utelnetd S07utelnetd

3) modify additional stuff or go on with point 4 of the general article

Links