Difference between revisions of "Debian install"
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the and .
== Get an Debian image ==
== Get an Debian image ==
Revision as of 18:40, 24 March 2006
This is a small Guide to replace the original Linux (and its WebInterface) with a Debian 3.0 Woody Installation
Get an Debian image
Get an Debian image from one of the following locations:
Prepare the harddisk
- Put you Kurobox in EM mode
- When you just installed a harddisk, the box will start automatically in EM mode
- Push the red button on the back of the unit while turning it on to go into EM mode
- Telnet into your box and follow the these steps
- Delete ALL partitions and data with the command
# mfdisk -e /dev/hda
- Then recreate partitions manually via the command
# mfdisk -c /dev/hda (this is the menue-driven interactive mode)
- Our goal is to create the following partiton-table:
/dev/hda1 Bootable Typ 83(Linux) 2GB /dev/hda2 Typ 82(LinuxSwap) 256MB /dev/hda3 Typ 83(Linux) the rest of the Disk
- All new partitions which will be created with the "n" command are Typ 83.
For hda1 use the first default sector and give as size +2048M (for 2GB). For hda2 use the first default sector after hda1 and give as size +256M (for 256MB). For hda3 use the first default sector after hda2 and use the default last sector for using the rest of the disk.
- Set the hda the bootable flag (see the menu via the "m" help) and
- Change the type for hda2 to 82 via the "t" command.
- Now you should have the wanted table of partitions and you could write him to Disk via the "w" command.
- Now its time to make the filesystems:
# mkfs -j /dev/hda1 # mkfs -j /dev/hda3 # mkswap /dev/hda2 # mount /dev/hda1 /mnt
- Transfer the fetched Debian image via FTP from another computer to the directory /mnt on the Kuro.
- Back in the Telnet session
# cd /mnt # tar xvfz debian_2004_12_26_dist.tgz # write_ok (This is IMPORTANT! Kurobox will not leave EM mode on reboot unless you do this command) # reboot
- Now is a good time to change some settings
- Network settings
# vi etc/network/interfaces
- Example of static address interface settings
iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.0.100 network 192.168.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 192.168.0.255 gateway 192.168.0.1 iface lo inet loopback
- Example of dynamic address interface settings
iface eth0 inet dhcp iface lo inet loopback
- If a static address is used, you might want to change resolv,conf
# vi etc/resolv.conf
search nameserver <DNS ip address>
- Change your hostname:
# vi etc/host
- Have a look at the hosts.allow file to make sure you will not be able to login again
# vi etc/hosts.allow
- There you should add your network :
ALL : 192.168.x.0/255.255.255.0 ALL : 127.0.0.1
The first boot of debian:
Because of the user root has no right to telnet in you have to use the user tmp-kun with the password tmp-kun. After you logged in as tmp-kun you may su to the root-user and the password root
For editing and some lowend terminal you should set your terminal-enviroment to vt100
# export TERM=vt100
For security-reasons you should add your own personal user with
delete the standard-user tmp-kun with
# deleteuser tmp-kun
Set a new password for root while you are logged in as root
Now you could update the debian-package list via
and then update your currently installed packages via
Debian seems to use a little amount of memory in the Kurobox:
14:04:40 up 1:06, 1 user, load average: 0.00, 0.00, 0.00 23 processes: 22 sleeping, 1 running, 0 zombie, 0 stopped CPU states: 1.0% user, 1.4% system, 0.0% nice, 97.6% idle Mem: 127088K total, 61644K used, 65444K free, 1508K buffers Swap: 265064K total, 0K used, 265064K free, 48800K cached