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== How can I find out which LinkStation I have? ==
 
== How can I find out which LinkStation I have? ==
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{{LinkstationInformation}}
  
 
Look Here:<br>
 
Look Here:<br>

Revision as of 12:34, 15 July 2006

This article based on work done by Frontalot at Linkstationwiki.org

Contents

What is a LinkStation I? What is a LinkStation II? What is a Gigabit LinkStation?

The powerpc-hdhlan LinkStation is sometimes referred to as the PPC LinkStation or LinkStation I. The mipsel-hdhlan LinkStation is sometimes referred to as the MIPSel LinkStation or LinkStation II. The powerpc-hdhglan LinkStation is sometimes referred to as the HG LinkStation or Gigabit LinkStation.

What are the differences between the powerpc-hdhlan, mipsel-hdhlan, and powerpc-hdhglan LinkStations?

The powerpc-hdhlan and mipsel-hdhlan LinkStations are essentially the same system running on different hardware (PPC versus MIPSel). The powerpc-hdhglan LinkStation also is a PPC system but features a gigabit ethernet connection and a faster processor than the powerpc-hdhlan LinkStation. For a detailed listing of hardware differences, see LinkStation Information.

Which LinkStation is the best?

Each LinkStation has its strengths and weaknesses. The powerpc-hdhlan and powerpc-hdhglan LinkStations have been available longer and thus have been more thoroughly hacked. The powerpc-hdhglan LinkStation is the only unit with gigabit ethernet connectivity. You may examine our benchmark results and make your own decision.

Which is better, the LinkStation or the NSLU2?

The LinkStation has (1) a faster processor, (2) more RAM, (3) a large internal hard drive, and (4) optional gigabit ethernet connectivity. The NSLU2 (1) costs less and (2) has a more developed hacking community.

How can I find out which LinkStation I have?

Power-architecture-logo.png MIPS Logo color.png ARM Logo hires.png
LS1
HD-HLAN v1
HD-H(G).jpg
LS2
HD-HLAN v2
HD-H(G).jpg
HG
Gigabit
HD-HGLAN
HD-H(G).jpg
HS
Linkstation Home Server
HS-DGL
HS-LS.jpg
LSPro
Linkstation Pro
LS-GL
LS-Pro.jpg
LS Live
Linkstation Live
HS-DHGL
HS-DHGL.jpg
LS LGL
Linkstation EX
LS-LGL
LS LGL.jpg
LS Pro DUO
LS-WTGL/R1
LS-WTGL-R1.jpg
LS Quad
LS-QL/R5
LS-QL.jpg
MIPSel HD-HLAN (LS2)
Power-architecture-logo.png ARM Logo hires.png
KUROBOX
KUROBOX
Kuro-box.jpg
KUROBOX HG
KUROBOX HG
Kuro-box.jpg
KUROPRO
KUROBOX Pro
Kuro-box pro.jpg

What about the differences between the different LinkStations and KuroBoxes?

Type LS1 LS2 HG *1 HS *1 KUROBOX KUROHG LS Pro LS Live LS EZ LS-LGL KUROBOX Pro
HD-HLAN V1 HD-HLAN V2 HD-HGLAN HS-DGL KUROBOX KUROBOX HG LS-GL HS-DHGL LS-CL LS-LGL KUROBOX Pro
CPU PowerPC MIPSel PowerPC PowerPC PowerPC PowerPC ARM9 ARM9 ARM9 ARM9 ARM9
CPU Clock 200MHz 400MHz 266MHz 266MHz 200MHz 266MHz 400MHz 400MHz 266 BogoMIPS 333MHz ? 400MHz
FLASH ROM 4MB 4MB 4MB 4MB 4MB 4MB 256KB 256KB  ? 256KB 256KB + 256MB
D-RAM 64MB 64MB 128MB 128MB 64MB 128MB 128MB 128MB 128MB 16(!) 128MB
USB Port 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 0 2
MiniPCI - Installation
possible
- - - - - - - - -
Network 10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
1000BASE-T
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
1000BASE-T
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
1000BASE-T
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
1000BASE-T
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
1000BASE-T
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
1000BASE-T
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
1000BASE-T
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
1000BASE-T
Crossover
Switch
YES NO NO NO YES NO NO NO NO NO NO
Newest
Japanese
firmware
1.54
23,May.2006
2.31
5,July.2007
1.65
5,July.2007
1.62
26,Dec.2006
1.01
19.Nov.2004
1.01
19.Nov.2004
1.11(-1a)
27,Aug.2007
1.11β
29,Nov.2007
 ? 1.01
21,Aug.2007
-
Webinterface YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES NO NO
Stock Kernel 2.4.17 2.4.20 2.4.20 2.4.20 2.4.17 2.4.17 *2 or
2.4.20
2.6.12.6-arm1
or 2.6.16 *3
2.6.12.6-arm1
or 2.6.16 *3
2.6.22.7 armv5tejl 2008-09-30 2.6.12.6-arm1 2.6.12.6-arm1
Special - - - - telnet/ftp enabled
in EM Mode
telnet/ftp enabled
in EM Mode
- - - - boot possible from
flash & hdd
GPL-Source [1] [2] [3] [4] NO NO [5] & [6] [7] & [8] [9] [10] NO
*1: the HG and the HS are identical from the hardware point of view
*2: only early japanese Kurobox HG`s have the 2.4.17 kernel in flash
*3: depends on the preinstalled firmware. they moved to 2.6.16 with firmware 1.10

Models were available in Japan only

Type ? ? ? ?
HD-LAN V1 HD-LAN V2 HD-LAN V3 HD-HLWG
CPU PowerPC PowerPC MIPSel MIPSel
CPU Clock 200MHz 200MHz 400MHz unconfirmed
FLASH ROM 16MB 4MB 4MB unconfirmed
D-RAM 64MB 64MB 64MB? unconfirmed
USB Port - - - unconfirmed
MiniPCI 1 *1  ? unconfirmed
Network 10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
10BASE-T
100BASE-TX
IEEE802.11g/b
Newest
Japanese
firmware
1.24(a)
1,Jun.2004
2.13(a)
1,Jun.2004
3.01
2.13
23,May 2006
Crossover
Switch
YES YES? YES? NO?
GPL-Source [11] [12] [13] [14] & [15]
*1: There are some which have a MiniPCI slot depending on a lot.[1]
  1. Why don't you hack the LinkStation/KURO-BOX

What are the more verbose differences between the (LS1, LS2, and HG/HS)?

HD-HLANv1 (LS1) HD-HLANv2 (LS2) HD-HGLAN (HG)/HS-DGL (HS)
CPU 200Mhz Freescale MPC8241 with MPC603e Motorola PowerPC core. 400MHz IDT 79RC32434-400BC with MIPSel CPU core 266Mhz Freescale MPC8241 with MPC603e Motorola PowerPC core.
RAM 64MB Micron MT48LC16M16A2-75 SDRAM 64MB Micron MT 46V32MI6-SBC SDRAM 128MB ELPIDA DS2516APTA-75 SDRAM
Flash ROM 4MB ST M29W320DT HG003 4MB Macronix MX29LV320T. 4MB ST M29W320DT HG001
USB 2 type A(rear - /dev/usb/lp0, front - /dev/usb/lp1) - NEC D720101GJ 2 type A(rear - /dev/usb/lp0, front - /dev/usb/lp1) - NEC D720101GJ 2 type A(rear - /dev/usb/lp0, front - /dev/usb/lp1) - NEC D720101GJ
NIC 10/100Mb ADMtek AN983B PCI ethernet controller 10/100Mb Realtek 8201CPPCI ethernet controller 10/100/1000Mb Realtek RTL8110S-32 PCI ethernet controller
IDE Controller Silicon Image SiI 0680acl144 IT8211 PCI IDE disk controller. Silc0680acl144 OR IT8211 PCI IDE disk controller
Stock Firmware 1.x 2.x 1.x
AVR AT90S2313-4SC AT???????-??? AT90S2313-4SC
AVR Analysis powerpc-hdhlan AVR Analysis mipsel-hdhlan AVR Analysis powerpc-hdhglan AVR Analysis
Benchmarks powerpc-hdhlan Benchmarks mipsel-hdhlan Benchmarks powerpc-hdhglan Benchmarks
Bootloader powerpc-hdhlan Boot Loader Overview mipsel-hdhlan Boot Loader Overview powerpc-hdhglan Boot Loader Overview
Flash ROM powerpc-hdhlan Flash ROM Analysis mipsel-hdhlan Flash ROM Analysis powerpc-hdhglan Flash ROM Analysis
Hardware powerpc-hdhlan Overview mipsel-hdhlan Overview powerpc-hdhglan Overview
Kernel powerpc-hdhlan Kernel mipsel-hdhlan Kernel powerpc-hdhglan Kernel
LED powerpc-hdhlan LED Analysis mipsel-hdhlan LED Analysis powerpc-hdhglan LED Analysis
Software powerpc-hdhlan Filesystem contents mipsel-hdhlan Filesystem contents powerpc-hdhglan Filesystem contents
Watchdog Timer powerpc-hdhlan Watchdog Timer Overview mipsel-hdhlan Watchdog Timer Overview powerpc-hdhglan Watchdog Timer Overview

Look Here:
How to tell the difference between the PowerPC-HDHLAN (LS1), MIPSel-HDHLAN (LS2), and PowerPC-HDHGLAN (HG) Linkstation variants

What version of Samba does the stock LinkStation come with? Netatalk? thttpd? WU-FTPD? ProFTPD?

  • Samba 2.2.8a-ja-1.1-beta5
  • Netatalk 1.6.4
  • thttpd 2.25b
  • WU-FTPD 2.6.2
  • ProFTPD 1.2.9.

What are the default partition sizes?

hda1 - 394MB
hda2 - 271MB
hda3 - remaining

I’m nearly out of hard drive space on hda1. What can I do?

A simple solution is to relocate the /home, /usr, and /var directories to /dev/hda3 (/mnt or /mnt/hda on the LinkStation) and use a symbolic link on /dev/hda1. Do the following:
cp -Rdp /home /mnt
cp -Rdp /usr /mnt
cp -Rdp /var /mnt
rm -R /home /usr /var
ln -s /mnt/home /home
ln -s /mnt/usr /usr
ln -s /mnt/var /var
You should be able to continue to access the directories as though they are still located on /dev/hda1.

mindbender: wasn`t that a bad idea? i remember that this action messed up all the busybox links on openlink. we should at least write here how to recover the busybox-symlinks.

This script makes the needed changes: (it changes the ../../bin/busybox links to /bin/busybox):

#!/bin/awk -f

BEGIN {
FS=" "
while ("ls -al /usr/bin | grep ../../bin/busybox" | getline)
{
system("rm /usr/bin/"$9)
system("ln -s /bin/busybox /usr/bin/"$9)
}
while ("ls -al /usr/sbin | grep ../../bin/busybox" | getline)
{
system("rm /usr/sbin/"$9)
system("ln -s /bin/busybox /usr/sbin/"$9)
}
}

--Trevor 22:33, 27 June 2006 (EDT)

Can I dynamically repartition the LinkStation hard drive?

You may be able to dynamically repartition the hard drive by using GNU Parted. Try it at your own risk!

Does the LinkStation offer NFS (Network File System) support?

Yes for later HG models. Other versions will but you will need to install the additional kernel modules first.

Can I connect multiple USB devices to the LinkStation via a USB hub?

Yes. Please see GeneralMoreUSBDevices for detailed instructions.

I can’t seem to log in via FTP as root. How can I do this?

There are many good reasons why you shouldn’t log in via FTP as root (too many to list here). You should consider whether you really need to log in as root. If you absolutely must log in as root, edit /etc/ftpusers, and remove the prohibited username root.

I managed to lock myself out of the web interface. How can I fix this?

Delete /www/.htpasswd and /www/cgi-bin/.htpasswd. The LinkStation will automatically regenerate the appropriate files.

When connected to the LinkStation via telnet, pressing enter/return once actually results in two carriage returns. How can I fix this?

Under PuTTY’s configuration menu, select “Connection,” then “Telnet,” and uncheck
Return key sends Telnet New Line instead of ^M.

Help! I was attempting to do “xxx” and now my LinkStation won’t work. What can I do?

Provided you haven’t altered the flash memory, reapplying the firmware update will usually return the LinkStation to the stock configuration. If you are not able to communicate with it on multiple levels (i.e. pings, ssh, web) You can try to boot into EM-mode, depending on the problem, this may give you access to certain areas, such as web interface and file sharing. You can also remove the hard drive from the LinkStation and connect it to a Linux workstation for repair. See the Articles area for instructions on how to disassemble the LinkStation.

What does the red button on the back do? Is it a reset button?

The red button causes the LinkStation to reboot. On reboot it replaces the current password files with the stock versions. If the hard drive is not present or partitioned then it may go into EM mode where the system can be flashed via the firmware updater.
You may force EM mode by holding the red init button and then powering up the unit. You will notice on the front of the unit, the power disk full and diag light will flash in unison.

My LinkStation LED(s) blinks X times and then powers down. What do the blinks mean?

Please see the powerpc-hdhlan, mipsel-hdhlan, or powerpc-hdhglan LED Analysis.

What is EM mode?

See EM Mode.

How do I get my LinkStation out of EM mode?

See EM Mode.

How noisy is the LinkStation? Is it fit for bedroom use?

The fan is relatively quiet compared to the average PC fan. However, it certainly isn’t silent (as Buffalo Technology advertises) and may be too loud for people who require absolute silence. Reports from several users seem to indicate that mipsel-hdhlan LinkStations are noticeably louder than powerpc-hdhlan or powerpc-hdhglan LinkStations.

Can I replace the LinkStation fan?

Yes. The stock fan is a 40mm x 10mm 12V fan, ADDA part #AD0412LX-G76 (see http://www.addausa.com/model_index.htm for more information). It can be replaced with most any equivalent fan. It may be easier to get the three pinned smart fans so that the system wont lock up.