Difference between revisions of "Freelink - Convert the LinkStation into a Full-fledged Debian Linux Server"

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m (Static IP Address)
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== Static IP Address ==
 
== Static IP Address ==
  
'''3a)''' Only for users who need static network settings:
+
'''3a)''' Only for users who need static network settings you must edit
 +
<tt>/etc/network/interfaces</tt>:
  
 
'''''/etc/network/interfaces'''''
 
'''''/etc/network/interfaces'''''
Line 127: Line 128:
 
  # default dynamic setup (no adjustment necessary)
 
  # default dynamic setup (no adjustment necessary)
 
  #
 
  #
  # auto eth0
+
  <font color=red># auto eth0
 
  #iface eth0 inet dhcp
 
  #iface eth0 inet dhcp
 
  #      hostname `hostname`
 
  #      hostname `hostname`
Line 138: Line 139:
 
     network 192.168.1.0
 
     network 192.168.1.0
 
     netmask 255.255.255.0
 
     netmask 255.255.255.0
     broadcast 192.168.1.255
+
     broadcast 192.168.1.255</font>
  
 
'''3c''' Save the file and exit vi. To change the DNS servers edit:
 
'''3c''' Save the file and exit vi. To change the DNS servers edit:
  
 
'''''/etc/resolv.conf'''''
 
'''''/etc/resolv.conf'''''
[[Image:GeneralFreeLink10d.jpg|100px|thumb|static network settings-d]]
+
#frontalot's static setup (adjust to your network settings)
 +
#
 +
search
 +
nameserver 192.168.1.1
 +
 
 
'''3d)''' We will be using the following DNS servers in our example:
 
'''3d)''' We will be using the following DNS servers in our example:
  
 +
'''''/etc/resolv.conf'''''
 +
#frontalot's static setup (adjust to your network settings)
 +
#
 +
search
 +
nameserver 192.168.1.1
 +
<font color=red>nameserver 128.101.101.101</font>
 +
<font color=red>nameserver 134.84.84.84</font>
  
 
'''3e)''' Save the file and exit vi.
 
'''3e)''' Save the file and exit vi.

Revision as of 15:55, 25 August 2006

This article Based on work by frontalot and mox69. Originally by frontalot. at Linkstationwiki.org

Nuvola apps important.png 
WARNING!

Please note that this guide comes with NO warranty whatsoever; you are using this at your own risk! Modifying your LinkStation in this way most likely will void your warranty.


How to Convert the LinkStation into a Full-fledged Debian Linux Server

The following guide will attempt to explain the steps involved in converting a stock Buffalo LinkStation into a fully functional Linux system with Samba administered via Webmin/SSH. The following is a list of things that I will assume from the reader:

  • You have a basic understanding of Linux command line functions.
  • Your LinkStation must be connected to the Internet! I have mine connected via a standard 5 port router to take advantage of the router's DHCP capabilities.
  • It will be handy to have the IP addresses of your ISP’s DNS servers.
  • You know the current IP address of your LinkStation.
  • Some familiarity with the Linux text editor called “vi.”

Install FreeLink

The Firmware Flasher

1) Grab the latest version of FreeLink from the downloads area and unzip it. Install the firmware per the instructions at: The LinkStation firmware flasher. You must have your computer on the same subnet as the LinkStation, e.g., 192.168.1.XXX. Open a telnet session to the LinkStation.

# telnet 192.168.1.XXX
Debian GNU/Linux 3.1 %h
root@LinkStation:/# 







Change root password

2)Start by changing the root password:

passwd root







3) If you want to name your LinkStation something besides LinkStation, type the following commands (replacing BuffaloNas with your choice of name):

echo “127.0.0.1 BuffaloNas” > /etc/hosts
hostname BuffaloNas
export hosts
echo “BuffaloNas” > /etc/hostname
  • Do you need to use static network settings? Click here.

Install Software

Test your Internet connection

4) Test your Internet connection:

ping www.google.com

if you get no response you will have to edit the /etc/resolv.conf file and add a DNS server address to the bottom

/etc/resolv.conf

#frontalot's static setup (adjust to your network settings)
#
search
nameserver 192.168.1.1
nameserver <<DNS SERVER IP>>
apt-get update

5) Now we can begin installing software. Debian uses a program called aptitude to manage the software on your computer. Think of it as a very advanced command line version of Windows add / remove programs. First update the aptitude package list and install SSH:

apt-get update







6) Then install OpenSSH:

note: this step is only necessary for the PowerPC(LS1,HG) versions of freelink. The MIPSel(LS2) version comes with SSH enabled

apt-get install ssh
log in with SSH

7) Answer the installation prompts, making sure to enable the SSH daemon (server). Now use your favorite SSH program to make sure we can SSH in (I prefer PuTTY). If SSH is working you should be able to log in like this:





apt-get upgrade

8) You should upgrade all currently installed programs:

apt-get upgrade







disable the telnet daemon

9) Now close out your telnet session and disable the telnet daemon (utelnetd):

rm /etc/rc2.d/S05utelnetd







apt-get install samba smbfs

10) Let's install specific packages. Type the following at the SSH prompt:

apt-get install samba smbfs







11) Answer all the prompts with the appropriate information. Make sure to use encrypted passwords and create a password database. Then install Webmin, a program which allows easy administration of the LinkStation via a web browser:

apt-get install webmin webmin-core webmin-cpan webmin-inetd webmin-logrotate webmin-firewall

12) When that is done type:

apt-get install webmin-samba

Configure Software

Add IP to allowed hosts

13) You must add your computer's IP address to the list of allowed hosts:

vi /etc/webmin/miniserv.conf







14) Change 127.0.0.1 to the IP address of the computer from which you will be administering the LinkStation. You will be able to add more later via Webmin itself. Next restart the Webmin:

/etc/webmin/restart
connect to webmin with HTTPS

15) And connect to Webmin via HTTPS, e.g., https://_LINKSTATION_IP_:10000





16) Congratulations, you have successfully installed FreeLink. now you may want to:








Static IP Address

3a) Only for users who need static network settings you must edit /etc/network/interfaces:

/etc/network/interfaces

# we always want the loopback interface
#
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
#
# default dynamic setup (no adjustment necessary)
#
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp
      hostname `hostname`
#
# frontalot's static setup (adjust to your network settings)
#
# auto eth0
# iface eth0 inet static
#     address 192.168.1.3
#     network 192.168.1.0
#     netmask 255.255.255.0
#     broadcast 192.168.1.255

3b) You must correctly edit this file to reflect your network settings. In our example:

/etc/network/interfaces

# we always want the loopback interface
#
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
#
# default dynamic setup (no adjustment necessary)
#
# auto eth0
#iface eth0 inet dhcp
#      hostname `hostname`
#
#frontalot's static setup (adjust to your network settings)
#
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
    address 192.168.1.3
    network 192.168.1.0
    netmask 255.255.255.0
    broadcast 192.168.1.255

3c Save the file and exit vi. To change the DNS servers edit:

/etc/resolv.conf

#frontalot's static setup (adjust to your network settings)
#
search
nameserver 192.168.1.1

3d) We will be using the following DNS servers in our example:

/etc/resolv.conf

#frontalot's static setup (adjust to your network settings)
#
search
nameserver 192.168.1.1
nameserver 128.101.101.101
nameserver 134.84.84.84

3e) Save the file and exit vi.

3f) Reboot before you move on to step 4