Freelink - Convert the LinkStation into a Full-fledged Debian Linux Server
This article Based on work by frontalot and mox69. Originally by frontalot. at Linkstationwiki.org
How to Convert the LinkStation into a Full-fledged Debian Linux Server
The following guide will attempt to explain the steps involved in converting a stock Buffalo LinkStation into a fully functional Linux system with Samba administered via Webmin/SSH. The following is a list of things that I will assume from the reader:
- You have a basic understanding of Linux command line functions.
- Your LinkStation must be connected to the Internet! I have mine connected via a standard 5 port router to take advantage of the router's DHCP capabilities.
- It will be handy to have the IP addresses of your ISP’s DNS servers.
- You know the current IP address of your LinkStation.
- Some familiarity with the Linux text editor called “vi.”
2) Flash The The LinkStation firmware flasher
- Open the archive and carefully read the included README file for any specific instructions.
- Disable any firewall(s), including any built-in Windows firewall
- Make sure the LinkStation and your PC are on the same sub-network. This likely requires that you change the IP address (and probably the subnet-mask) of your PC and router to a different IP address (out of the box the LS should start out on 192.168.1.XXX but in EM Mode it will have a static IP address of 192.168.11.150)
- Run the firmware updater executable HD-???LAN FWUpdate-english.exe
- After finding your LinkStation, press the "Renew Firmware" button, and wait. Have patience, and keep your calm. If you think the Firmware updater is acting strange, do not try to disconnect the LinkStation or abort the update in another way.
- After flashing connect your LinkStation up to the network with subnet 192.168.1.XXX
- Find your LinkStation on the network and Telnet to it with PuTTYtel You will be at the root shell.
Debian GNU/Linux 3.1 %h
3) Change the root password
- If you want to name your LinkStation something besides LinkStation, type the following commands (replacing BuffaloNas with your choice of name):
echo “127.0.0.1 BuffaloNas” > /etc/hosts hostname BuffaloNas export hosts echo “BuffaloNas” > /etc/hostname
- Do you need to use static network settings? Click here.
4) Test your Internet connection:
if you get no response you will have to edit the /etc/resolv.conf file and add a DNS server address to the bottom
#frontalot's static setup (adjust to your network settings) # search nameserver 192.168.1.1 nameserver <<DNS SERVER IP>>
5) Now we can begin installing software. Debian uses a program called The Advanced Packaging Tool (apt) to manage the software on your computer. Think of it as a very advanced command line version of Windows add / remove programs. First update the apt package list and install SSH:
6) Then install OpenSSH:
note: this step is only necessary for the PowerPC(LS1,HG) versions of freelink. The MIPSel(LS2) version comes with SSH enabled
apt-get install ssh
7) Answer the installation prompts, making sure to enable the SSH daemon (server). Now use your favorite SSH program to make sure we can SSH in (I prefer PuTTY). If SSH is working you should be able to log in like this:
8) You should upgrade all currently installed programs:
9) Now close out your telnet session and disable the telnet daemon (utelnetd):
10) Let's install specific packages. Type the following at the SSH prompt:
apt-get install samba smbfs
11) Answer all the prompts with the appropriate information. Make sure to use encrypted passwords and create a password database. Then install Webmin, a program which allows easy administration of the LinkStation via a web browser:
apt-get install webmin webmin-core webmin-cpan webmin-inetd webmin-logrotate webmin-firewall
You will need to create a /etc/webmin/miniserv.pem file using openssl (27/08/2006)
12) When that is done type:
apt-get install webmin-samba
13) You must add your computer's IP address to the list of allowed hosts:
15) And connect to Webmin via HTTPS, e.g., https://_LINKSTATION_IP_:10000
16) Congratulations, you have successfully installed FreeLink. now you may want to:
- Free up some space on hda1
- Correct the system time and setup Network Time Protocol (NTP)
- Install a 2.6.XX kernel
- Have a look at other Debian specific articles
Static IP Address
3a) Only for users who need static network settings you must edit /etc/network/interfaces:
# we always want the loopback interface # auto lo iface lo inet loopback # # default dynamic setup (no adjustment necessary) # auto eth0 iface eth0 inet dhcp hostname `hostname` # # frontalot's static setup (adjust to your network settings) # # auto eth0 # iface eth0 inet static # address 192.168.1.3 # network 192.168.1.0 # netmask 255.255.255.0 # broadcast 192.168.1.255
3b) You must correctly edit this file to reflect your network settings. In our example:
# we always want the loopback interface # auto lo iface lo inet loopback # # default dynamic setup (no adjustment necessary) # # auto eth0 #iface eth0 inet dhcp # hostname `hostname` # #frontalot's static setup (adjust to your network settings) # auto eth0 iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.1.3 network 192.168.1.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 192.168.1.255 gateway 192.168.1.1
The gateway definition is necessary if you are sitting in an intranet, e.g. internet
3c) Save the file and exit vi. To change the DNS servers edit:
#frontalot's static setup (adjust to your network settings) # search nameserver 192.168.1.1
3d) We will be using the following DNS servers in our example:
#frontalot's static setup (adjust to your network settings) # search nameserver 192.168.1.1 nameserver 18.104.22.168 nameserver 22.214.171.124
3e) Save the file and exit vi.
3f) Reboot before you move on to step 4