HowTo Build Your Own Custom Kernel

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Revision as of 22:27, 13 August 2009 by Smiley (Talk | contribs) (subsection)

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Two Ways to Compile a Kernel

There are two ways to build a custom kernel for the LinkStation/Kurobox. If you have access to an i686 host running some flavor of Linux, you can cross-compile a kernel for ARM9 on an i686 host. Alternatively, if your NAS has enough RAM, you could compile the kernel on the NAS itself, using the system's native gcc. Both ways of these approaches to building a custom kernel are described in the instructions that follow.

Download All the Required Tarballs

To use the cross toolchain to compile a kernel for ARM9, you'll need access to an i686 host running some flavor of Linux. First, download the cross toolchain (arm-2005q3-2-arm-none-linux-gnueabi-i686-pc-linux-gnu.tar.bz2), mkimage, and the source archive (linux-2.6.12_lsp.1.7.8.tgz):

$ cd /some_directory
$ wget -H -c
$ wget -H -c
$ wget -H -c

If the files were not at the locations indicated above, fear not! Just look in every directory on the server (like I did).

Prepare the Environment

Then, install (i.e., untar) the toolchain and mkimage:

$ cd /some_path
$ tar -xjf /some_directory/arm-2005q3-2-arm-none-linux-gnueabi-i686-pc-linux-gnu.tar.bz2
$ cd bin
$ export PATH=`pwd`:$PATH
$ cp -p /some_directory/mkimage .
$ chmod a+rx mkimage

Strictly speaking mkimage should not go into /some_path/bin. But, hey...

Now untar the source of the kernel in some directory:

$ cd /some_directory
$ tar -xzf linux-2.6.12_lsp.1.7.8.tgz
$ cd linux-2.6.12_lsp.1.7.8

Ready, Get Set, Build!

In some_directory you can find the configs Buffalo used to build the kernels shipped with their various firmwares:

$ ls buffalo/

and choose one to use as a template for yours.

$ cp buffalo/buffalo_lsgl_arm_110.config .config

Then you can modify the configuration as you want:

$ make menuconfig

and start up the build!

$ make uImage

If you selected some features to be built as modules, they need to be prepared too.

$ make modules

The kernel and modules will be ready at arch/arm/boot/uImage.