Difference between revisions of "Install Debian 6.0 (Squeeze) On Buffalo Linkstation Mini"

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(Edited regex in grep expression for usb vfat)
m (Added spaces to end of source blocks)
Line 55: Line 55:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
sudo bash
 
sudo bash
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 62: Line 63:
 
  apt-get update
 
  apt-get update
 
  apt-get -q -y install openjdk-6-jre
 
  apt-get -q -y install openjdk-6-jre
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 68: Line 70:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  wget http://downloads.buffalo.nas-central.org/Users/rpinchbeck/lsmini/acp_commander.jar
 
  wget http://downloads.buffalo.nas-central.org/Users/rpinchbeck/lsmini/acp_commander.jar
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 74: Line 77:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  IP_ADDRESS=192.168.11.150
 
  IP_ADDRESS=192.168.11.150
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 80: Line 84:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  java -jar acp_commander.jar -t ${IP_ADDRESS} -o
 
  java -jar acp_commander.jar -t ${IP_ADDRESS} -o
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 86: Line 91:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  telnet ${IP_ADDRESS}
 
  telnet ${IP_ADDRESS}
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>  
 
</li>  
Line 94: Line 100:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  date 050900002011
 
  date 050900002011
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 100: Line 107:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  kill -9 $(ps | grep -vE '\[.*\]|(init)|(syslogd)|(klogd)|(getty)|(telnetd)|(-sh)|(ps)|(VmSize)|(grep)|(kill)|(awk)' | awk '{print $1}')
 
  kill -9 $(ps | grep -vE '\[.*\]|(init)|(syslogd)|(klogd)|(getty)|(telnetd)|(-sh)|(ps)|(VmSize)|(grep)|(kill)|(awk)' | awk '{print $1}')
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 115: Line 123:
 
  mdadm --manage /dev/md10 --remove /dev/sdb5
 
  mdadm --manage /dev/md10 --remove /dev/sdb5
 
  mdadm --manage /dev/md2  --remove /dev/sdb6
 
  mdadm --manage /dev/md2  --remove /dev/sdb6
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 121: Line 130:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  if hdparm -z /dev/sdb ; then echo; echo "SECONDARY DRIVE READY (/dev/sdb)"; echo; else grep sdb /proc/mounts /proc/mdstat; echo "Please check that /dev/sdb is not in use"; fi;
 
  if hdparm -z /dev/sdb ; then echo; echo "SECONDARY DRIVE READY (/dev/sdb)"; echo; else grep sdb /proc/mounts /proc/mdstat; echo "Please check that /dev/sdb is not in use"; fi;
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 164: Line 174:
 
  PARTITION3_SIZE=12GB
 
  PARTITION3_SIZE=12GB
 
  echo -e "d\n1\nd\n2\nd\n3\nd\n4\nn\np\n1\n\n+${PARTITION1_SIZE}\nn\np\n2\n\n+${PARTITION2_SIZE}\nn\np\n3\n\n+${PARTITION3_SIZE}\nn\np\n\n\nt\n1\nfd\nt\n2\n82\nt\n3\nfd\nt\n4\nfd\nw\n" | fdisk /dev/sdb
 
  echo -e "d\n1\nd\n2\nd\n3\nd\n4\nn\np\n1\n\n+${PARTITION1_SIZE}\nn\np\n2\n\n+${PARTITION2_SIZE}\nn\np\n3\n\n+${PARTITION3_SIZE}\nn\np\n\n\nt\n1\nfd\nt\n2\n82\nt\n3\nfd\nt\n4\nfd\nw\n" | fdisk /dev/sdb
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 171: Line 182:
 
  mkswap /dev/sdb2
 
  mkswap /dev/sdb2
 
  swapon /dev/sdb2
 
  swapon /dev/sdb2
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 179: Line 191:
 
  echo "y" | mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md13 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 missing /dev/sdb3
 
  echo "y" | mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md13 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 missing /dev/sdb3
 
  echo "y" | mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md14 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 missing /dev/sdb4
 
  echo "y" | mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md14 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 missing /dev/sdb4
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 187: Line 200:
 
  mkfs.ext3 -F /dev/md13
 
  mkfs.ext3 -F /dev/md13
 
  mkfs.ext3 -F /dev/md14
 
  mkfs.ext3 -F /dev/md14
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 198: Line 212:
 
  mkdir -p                /mnt/lsmini/srv
 
  mkdir -p                /mnt/lsmini/srv
 
  mount -t ext3 /dev/md14 /mnt/lsmini/srv
 
  mount -t ext3 /dev/md14 /mnt/lsmini/srv
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 209: Line 224:
 
  wget http://downloads.buffalo.nas-central.org/Users/rpinchbeck/lsmini/debian/6.0/bootstrap-debian-6.0.1a-armel-stage2.tar.gz
 
  wget http://downloads.buffalo.nas-central.org/Users/rpinchbeck/lsmini/debian/6.0/bootstrap-debian-6.0.1a-armel-stage2.tar.gz
 
  tar --extract --verbose --same-permissions --gzip --file /mnt/lsmini/bootstrap-debian-6.0.1a-armel-stage2.tar.gz
 
  tar --extract --verbose --same-permissions --gzip --file /mnt/lsmini/bootstrap-debian-6.0.1a-armel-stage2.tar.gz
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 217: Line 233:
 
  wget http://downloads.buffalo.nas-central.org/Users/rpinchbeck/lsmini/debian/6.0/kernel-2.6.32-31-debian-lsmini.tar.gz
 
  wget http://downloads.buffalo.nas-central.org/Users/rpinchbeck/lsmini/debian/6.0/kernel-2.6.32-31-debian-lsmini.tar.gz
 
  tar --extract --verbose --same-permissions --gzip --file kernel-2.6.32-31-debian-lsmini.tar.gz
 
  tar --extract --verbose --same-permissions --gzip --file kernel-2.6.32-31-debian-lsmini.tar.gz
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 225: Line 242:
 
  wget http://downloads.buffalo.nas-central.org/Users/rpinchbeck/lsmini/initrd-md13-armv5tejl-softfloat-1.0.tar.gz
 
  wget http://downloads.buffalo.nas-central.org/Users/rpinchbeck/lsmini/initrd-md13-armv5tejl-softfloat-1.0.tar.gz
 
  tar --extract --verbose --same-permissions --gzip --file /mnt/lsmini/initrd-md13-armv5tejl-softfloat-1.0.tar.gz
 
  tar --extract --verbose --same-permissions --gzip --file /mnt/lsmini/initrd-md13-armv5tejl-softfloat-1.0.tar.gz
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 234: Line 252:
 
  HOST_NETMASK=255.255.255.0
 
  HOST_NETMASK=255.255.255.0
 
  HOST_GATEWAY=192.168.1.1
 
  HOST_GATEWAY=192.168.1.1
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 256: Line 275:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  echo "${HOST_NAME}" >/mnt/lsmini/etc/hostname
 
  echo "${HOST_NAME}" >/mnt/lsmini/etc/hostname
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 263: Line 283:
 
  echo "127.0.0.1 localhost"          >/mnt/lsmini/etc/hosts
 
  echo "127.0.0.1 localhost"          >/mnt/lsmini/etc/hosts
 
  echo "${HOST_ADDRESS} ${HOST_NAME}" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/hosts
 
  echo "${HOST_ADDRESS} ${HOST_NAME}" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/hosts
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 274: Line 295:
 
  echo "/dev/md14  /srv      ext3  noatime                      0  0" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/fstab
 
  echo "/dev/md14  /srv      ext3  noatime                      0  0" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/fstab
 
  echo "none        /dev/shm  tmpfs  noatime,nodev,nosuid,noexec  0  0" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/fstab
 
  echo "none        /dev/shm  tmpfs  noatime,nodev,nosuid,noexec  0  0" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/fstab
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 280: Line 302:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  cp -a /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/lsmini/etc/resolv.conf
 
  cp -a /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/lsmini/etc/resolv.conf
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 289: Line 312:
 
  SED_REPLACE='root:$6$bmlbpJYn$xAgZr6KxoRLjDcPZNDBcnMF52gZrU7xkib43LhSlAvzVS4OqmiHaxB0GInPtoaPQ2FguHQQuxM95cMfvUnYn31:'
 
  SED_REPLACE='root:$6$bmlbpJYn$xAgZr6KxoRLjDcPZNDBcnMF52gZrU7xkib43LhSlAvzVS4OqmiHaxB0GInPtoaPQ2FguHQQuxM95cMfvUnYn31:'
 
  sed -r "s/${SED_SEARCH}/${SED_REPLACE}/" -i ${SED_FILE}
 
  sed -r "s/${SED_SEARCH}/${SED_REPLACE}/" -i ${SED_FILE}
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 297: Line 321:
 
  mkdir /mnt/lsmini/etc/network/run
 
  mkdir /mnt/lsmini/etc/network/run
 
  touch /mnt/lsmini/etc/network/run/ifstate
 
  touch /mnt/lsmini/etc/network/run/ifstate
 +
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 305: Line 330:
 
  rm -rf /boot/*
 
  rm -rf /boot/*
 
  cp -a /mnt/lsmini/boot/* /boot/
 
  cp -a /mnt/lsmini/boot/* /boot/
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 318: Line 344:
 
  cat /proc/mdstat
 
  cat /proc/mdstat
 
  sync
 
  sync
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 328: Line 355:
 
  umount /mnt/lsmini/srv
 
  umount /mnt/lsmini/srv
 
  umount /mnt/lsmini
 
  umount /mnt/lsmini
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 334: Line 362:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  reboot; logout
 
  reboot; logout
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 345: Line 374:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  IP_ADDRESS=192.168.1.77
 
  IP_ADDRESS=192.168.1.77
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 351: Line 381:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  ssh root@${IP_ADDRESS}
 
  ssh root@${IP_ADDRESS}
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 357: Line 388:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  passwd root
 
  passwd root
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 363: Line 395:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  dpkg-reconfigure tzdata
 
  dpkg-reconfigure tzdata
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 369: Line 402:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  date
 
  date
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 375: Line 409:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  if hdparm -z /dev/sda ; then echo; echo "PRIMARY DRIVE READY (/dev/sda)"; echo; else grep sda /proc/mounts /proc/mdstat; echo "Please check that /dev/sda is not in use"; fi;
 
  if hdparm -z /dev/sda ; then echo; echo "PRIMARY DRIVE READY (/dev/sda)"; echo; else grep sda /proc/mounts /proc/mdstat; echo "Please check that /dev/sda is not in use"; fi;
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 384: Line 419:
 
  PARTITION3_SIZE=12GB
 
  PARTITION3_SIZE=12GB
 
  echo -e "d\n1\nd\n2\nd\n3\nd\n4\nn\np\n1\n\n+${PARTITION1_SIZE}\nn\np\n2\n\n+${PARTITION2_SIZE}\nn\np\n3\n\n+${PARTITION3_SIZE}\nn\np\n\n\nt\n1\nfd\nt\n2\n82\nt\n3\nfd\nt\n4\nfd\nw\n" | fdisk /dev/sda
 
  echo -e "d\n1\nd\n2\nd\n3\nd\n4\nn\np\n1\n\n+${PARTITION1_SIZE}\nn\np\n2\n\n+${PARTITION2_SIZE}\nn\np\n3\n\n+${PARTITION3_SIZE}\nn\np\n\n\nt\n1\nfd\nt\n2\n82\nt\n3\nfd\nt\n4\nfd\nw\n" | fdisk /dev/sda
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 391: Line 427:
 
  mkswap /dev/sda2
 
  mkswap /dev/sda2
 
  swapon /dev/sda2
 
  swapon /dev/sda2
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 397: Line 434:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  echo  "/dev/sda2  none      swap  sw,pri=2                    0  0"  >>/etc/fstab
 
  echo  "/dev/sda2  none      swap  sw,pri=2                    0  0"  >>/etc/fstab
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 405: Line 443:
 
  echo "y" | mdadm --manage /dev/md13 --add /dev/sda3
 
  echo "y" | mdadm --manage /dev/md13 --add /dev/sda3
 
  echo "y" | mdadm --manage /dev/md14 --add /dev/sda4
 
  echo "y" | mdadm --manage /dev/md14 --add /dev/sda4
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 414: Line 453:
 
  SED_REPLACE='#\1'
 
  SED_REPLACE='#\1'
 
  sed -r "s~${SED_SEARCH}~${SED_REPLACE}~g" -i ${SED_FILE}
 
  sed -r "s~${SED_SEARCH}~${SED_REPLACE}~g" -i ${SED_FILE}
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 423: Line 463:
 
  echo "deb    http://security.debian.org squeeze/updates main contrib" >>/etc/apt/sources.list
 
  echo "deb    http://security.debian.org squeeze/updates main contrib" >>/etc/apt/sources.list
 
  echo "deb-src http://security.debian.org squeeze/updates main contrib" >>/etc/apt/sources.list
 
  echo "deb-src http://security.debian.org squeeze/updates main contrib" >>/etc/apt/sources.list
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 429: Line 470:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  apt-get update
 
  apt-get update
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 442: Line 484:
 
  cat /proc/mdstat
 
  cat /proc/mdstat
 
  sync
 
  sync
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>
Line 448: Line 491:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
  reboot; logout
 
  reboot; logout
 +
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
 
</li>
 
</li>

Revision as of 04:14, 11 May 2011


Kurobrick.png
WARNING!

There is a possibility that you could brick your NAS with these instructions. Please make sure that you read the entire page carefully. These instructions may void your warranty. Proceed at your own risk.



Linkstation Mini

Contents


Overview

The following process converts a Buffalo Linkstation Mini (model LS-WSxxxxGL/R1) into a fully functional GNU/Linux server running Debian version 6.0.1a (Squeeze) with the Linux kernel (version 2.6.32-31). Here is how the process works:

  1. Use ACP Commander software to establish Telnet session with device
  2. Uncouple secondary drive partitions from existing RAID configuration
  3. Partition and format secondary drive, install Debian 6.0, and prepare for initial boot
  4. Reboot device, establish SSH session with device, and complete installation

Requirements

  1. Buffalo LinkStation Mini models LS-WSxxxxGL/R1 running stock firmware (LS-WSXxxxxTL/R1 models will not work)
    • If your device has already been modified to run another operating system and/or firmware, you should revert to stock firmware
    • This process was tested with model LS-WS1.0TGL/R1, but other models may work as well
  2. Ubuntu 10.04 Desktop Edition CD-ROM (download and burn this disc image)
  3. Computer which can boot the Ubuntu 10.04 Desktop Edition CD-ROM and access the network successfully (most modern computers meet this requirement)

Instructions

Note: Do not attempt to execute the following commands as a single script. Instead, copy and paste each block of commands into a shell window and monitor the resulting output for errors

    Prepare Device

  1. Disconnect power cable from device
  2. Disconnect all USB devices (and keep them disconnected for the duration of this process)
  3. Move device switch to "on" position
  4. Attach device to network
  5. Connect power cable to device
  6. Wait for device to finish booting (no blinking lights)
  7. Open device web interface (factory default address is http://192.168.11.150, or use the IP address assigned by your network)
  8. Login (user = admin, password = password)
  9. Nuvola apps important.png 
    WARNING!

    The next step will erase all data on your Linkstation Mini. It is recommended that you backup your existing data. Proceed at your own risk.


  10. Remove existing RAID configuration (Disk Management | RAID Setup | RAID Array 1 | Change RAID Array ...)
  11. Create new RAID1 (mirroring) array (Disk Management | RAID Setup | RAID Array 1 | RAID Mode: RAID1 ...)
  12. Wait for "Building RAID Array" to complete
  13. You may proceed immediately after the array has been built (you do not need to wait for the drive check to complete)

  14. Boot Ubuntu 10.04 Desktop Edition CD-ROM on computer
  15. Select language as desired (English)
  16. Click on "Try Ubuntu 10.04 LTS" (to use Ubuntu without making any changes to your system)
  17. Open a new terminal window (Applications | Accessories | Terminal )
  18. Start a new bash shell with root privileges
    sudo bash
    
    
  19. Install OpenJDK (for running ACP Commander software)
     apt-get update
     apt-get -q -y install openjdk-6-jre
    
    
  20. Download ACP Commander software (acp_commander.jar)
     wget http://downloads.buffalo.nas-central.org/Users/rpinchbeck/lsmini/acp_commander.jar
    
    
  21. Determine IP address of device and assign it to environment variable (substitute appropriate IP address)
     IP_ADDRESS=192.168.11.150
    
    
  22. Instruct device to enable Telnet and remove root password
     java -jar acp_commander.jar -t ${IP_ADDRESS} -o
    
    
  23. Establish Telnet session with device
     telnet ${IP_ADDRESS}
    
    
  24. Login as root (no password required)
  25. Set recent date and time (prevent error messages about file dates, format=MMDDhhnnYYYY)
     date 050900002011
    
    
  26. Kill all unnecessary processes
     kill -9 $(ps | grep -vE '\[.*\]|(init)|(syslogd)|(klogd)|(getty)|(telnetd)|(-sh)|(ps)|(VmSize)|(grep)|(kill)|(awk)' | awk '{print $1}')
    
    
  27. Nuvola apps important.png 
    WARNING!

    Your device will no longer boot after the next step. You must complete the installation of the Debian operating system before your device will boot again.


  28. Free secondary drive (/dev/sdb) partitions from RAID configuration
     mdadm --manage /dev/md0  --fail /dev/sdb1
     mdadm --manage /dev/md1  --fail /dev/sdb2
     mdadm --manage /dev/md10 --fail /dev/sdb5
     mdadm --manage /dev/md2  --fail /dev/sdb6
    
     mdadm --manage /dev/md0  --remove /dev/sdb1
     mdadm --manage /dev/md1  --remove /dev/sdb2
     mdadm --manage /dev/md10 --remove /dev/sdb5
     mdadm --manage /dev/md2  --remove /dev/sdb6
    
    
  29. Make sure secondary drive is not in use
     if hdparm -z /dev/sdb ; then echo; echo "SECONDARY DRIVE READY (/dev/sdb)"; echo; else grep sdb /proc/mounts /proc/mdstat; echo "Please check that /dev/sdb is not in use"; fi;
    
    
  30. The following commands will delete all existing partitions on the secondary drive and reconfigure it as follows...

    Partition Mount Size Type Description
    1 /boot 128MB fd linux raid autodetect
    2 swap 256MB 82 linux swap
    3 / (root) 12GB fd linux raid autodetect
    4 /srv 100% fd linux raid autodetect
  31. Repartition secondary drive (substitute partition sizes as desired)
     PARTITION1_SIZE=128MB
     PARTITION2_SIZE=256MB
     PARTITION3_SIZE=12GB
     echo -e "d\n1\nd\n2\nd\n3\nd\n4\nn\np\n1\n\n+${PARTITION1_SIZE}\nn\np\n2\n\n+${PARTITION2_SIZE}\nn\np\n3\n\n+${PARTITION3_SIZE}\nn\np\n\n\nt\n1\nfd\nt\n2\n82\nt\n3\nfd\nt\n4\nfd\nw\n" | fdisk /dev/sdb
    
    
  32. Create and activate swap partition
     mkswap /dev/sdb2
     swapon /dev/sdb2
    
    
  33. Create RAID volumes
     echo "y" | mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md11 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 missing /dev/sdb1
     echo "y" | mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md13 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 missing /dev/sdb3
     echo "y" | mdadm --create --verbose /dev/md14 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 missing /dev/sdb4
    
    
  34. Format RAID volumes
     mkfs.ext3 -F /dev/md11
     mkfs.ext3 -F /dev/md13
     mkfs.ext3 -F /dev/md14
    
    
  35. Mount RAID volumes
     mkdir -p                /mnt/lsmini
     mount -t ext3 /dev/md13 /mnt/lsmini
     mkdir -p                /mnt/lsmini/boot
     mount -t ext3 /dev/md11 /mnt/lsmini/boot
     mkdir -p                /mnt/lsmini/srv
     mount -t ext3 /dev/md14 /mnt/lsmini/srv
    
    

  36. Install Debian System

  37. Install root filesystem (from archive of debootstrap stage 2 files)
     cd /mnt/lsmini
     wget http://downloads.buffalo.nas-central.org/Users/rpinchbeck/lsmini/debian/6.0/bootstrap-debian-6.0.1a-armel-stage2.tar.gz
     tar --extract --verbose --same-permissions --gzip --file /mnt/lsmini/bootstrap-debian-6.0.1a-armel-stage2.tar.gz
    
    
  38. Install custom kernel (Debian 6.0 kernel 2.6.32-31)
     cd /mnt/lsmini
     wget http://downloads.buffalo.nas-central.org/Users/rpinchbeck/lsmini/debian/6.0/kernel-2.6.32-31-debian-lsmini.tar.gz
     tar --extract --verbose --same-permissions --gzip --file kernel-2.6.32-31-debian-lsmini.tar.gz
    
    
  39. Install custom boot loader (force boot from /dev/md13)
     cd /mnt/lsmini
     wget http://downloads.buffalo.nas-central.org/Users/rpinchbeck/lsmini/initrd-md13-armv5tejl-softfloat-1.0.tar.gz
     tar --extract --verbose --same-permissions --gzip --file /mnt/lsmini/initrd-md13-armv5tejl-softfloat-1.0.tar.gz
    
    
  40. Prepare host settings (adjust host name and IP addresses as needed)
     HOST_NAME=lsmini
     HOST_ADDRESS=192.168.1.77
     HOST_NETMASK=255.255.255.0
     HOST_GATEWAY=192.168.1.1
    
    
  41. Configure network interface (/etc/network/interfaces)
     echo "# Used by ifup(8) and ifdown(8). See the interfaces(5) manpage or"  >/mnt/lsmini/etc/network/interfaces
     echo "# /usr/share/doc/ifupdown/examples for more information."          >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/network/interfaces
     echo "#"                        >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/network/interfaces
     echo "auto lo eth0"             >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/network/interfaces
     echo "iface lo inet loopback"   >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/network/interfaces
     echo "iface eth0 inet static"   >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/network/interfaces
     echo " address ${HOST_ADDRESS}" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/network/interfaces
     echo " netmask ${HOST_NETMASK}" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/network/interfaces
     echo " gateway ${HOST_GATEWAY}" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/network/interfaces
     rm -f /mnt/lsmini/etc/udev/rules.d/[0-9]*-persistent-net.rules  # remove all persistent network devices (force auto detection of eth0)
    
    
  42. Configure host name (/etc/hostname)
     echo "${HOST_NAME}" >/mnt/lsmini/etc/hostname
    
    
  43. Configure mapping from address to host name (/etc/hosts)
     echo "127.0.0.1 localhost"           >/mnt/lsmini/etc/hosts
     echo "${HOST_ADDRESS} ${HOST_NAME}" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/hosts
    
    
  44. Nuvola apps important.png 
    WARNING!

    Do not modify the last column of /etc/fstab... any value other than zero will cause the device to hang on startup. Basically, the system fails to detect the RAID volumes, sends the failure message to the console, waits for keyboard input (that can never arrive), and cannot respond to pings or any other network traffic. Don't find out the hard way.


  45. Configure mount points (/etc/fstab)
     echo "/dev/sdb2   none      swap   sw,pri=1                     0  0"  >/mnt/lsmini/etc/fstab
     echo "/dev/md13   /         ext3   noatime                      0  0" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/fstab
     echo "/dev/md11   /boot     ext3   noatime                      0  0" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/fstab
     echo "/dev/md14   /srv      ext3   noatime                      0  0" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/fstab
     echo "none        /dev/shm  tmpfs  noatime,nodev,nosuid,noexec  0  0" >>/mnt/lsmini/etc/fstab
    
    
  46. Configure network name resolution (/etc/resolv.conf)
     cp -a /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/lsmini/etc/resolv.conf
    
    
  47. Change root password (new password = lsmini)
     SED_FILE='/mnt/lsmini/etc/shadow'
     SED_SEARCH='^\s*root\:\*?\:'
     SED_REPLACE='root:$6$bmlbpJYn$xAgZr6KxoRLjDcPZNDBcnMF52gZrU7xkib43LhSlAvzVS4OqmiHaxB0GInPtoaPQ2FguHQQuxM95cMfvUnYn31:'
     sed -r "s/${SED_SEARCH}/${SED_REPLACE}/" -i ${SED_FILE}
    
    
  48. Fix bug in Debian 6 (/etc/network/run links to the temp filesystem)
     mv /mnt/lsmini/etc/network/run run.original
     mkdir /mnt/lsmini/etc/network/run
     touch /mnt/lsmini/etc/network/run/ifstate
    
    
  49. Prepare for reboot (Overwrite factory-installed boot files with custom ones)
     cd /mnt/lsmini
     rm -rf /boot/*
     cp -a /mnt/lsmini/boot/* /boot/
    
    
  50. Wait for RAID synchronization to complete
     while egrep -iq '(recovery)|(resync)' /proc/mdstat; do
         clear
         cat /proc/mdstat
         sleep 5
     done
     clear
     cat /proc/mdstat
     sync
    
    
  51. Unmount RAID volumes
     sync
     cd /mnt
     umount /mnt/lsmini/boot
     umount /mnt/lsmini/srv
     umount /mnt/lsmini
    
    
  52. Reboot device
     reboot; logout
    
    

  53. Configure Debian System

  54. Wait for device to finish booting (no blinking lights)
  55. Assign new IP address to environment variable
     IP_ADDRESS=192.168.1.77
    
    
  56. Use SSH to login as root (password = lsmini)
     ssh root@${IP_ADDRESS}
    
    
  57. Change root password to something hard to guess
     passwd root
    
    
  58. Select timezone
     dpkg-reconfigure tzdata
    
    
  59. Ensure that date and time are correct
     date
    
    
  60. Make sure primary drive is not in use (/dev/sda)
     if hdparm -z /dev/sda ; then echo; echo "PRIMARY DRIVE READY (/dev/sda)"; echo; else grep sda /proc/mounts /proc/mdstat; echo "Please check that /dev/sda is not in use"; fi;
    
    
  61. Repartition primary drive (must have same partition sizes as secondary drive)
     PARTITION1_SIZE=128MB
     PARTITION2_SIZE=256MB
     PARTITION3_SIZE=12GB
     echo -e "d\n1\nd\n2\nd\n3\nd\n4\nn\np\n1\n\n+${PARTITION1_SIZE}\nn\np\n2\n\n+${PARTITION2_SIZE}\nn\np\n3\n\n+${PARTITION3_SIZE}\nn\np\n\n\nt\n1\nfd\nt\n2\n82\nt\n3\nfd\nt\n4\nfd\nw\n" | fdisk /dev/sda
    
    
  62. Format and activate swap partition on primary drive
     mkswap /dev/sda2
     swapon /dev/sda2
    
    
  63. Automatically mount swap partition at boot
     echo  "/dev/sda2   none      swap   sw,pri=2                     0  0"  >>/etc/fstab
    
    
  64. Add primary drive partitions to RAID volumes (/dev/md11, /dev/md13, and /dev/md14)
     echo "y" | mdadm --manage /dev/md11 --add /dev/sda1
     echo "y" | mdadm --manage /dev/md13 --add /dev/sda3
     echo "y" | mdadm --manage /dev/md14 --add /dev/sda4
    
    
  65. Disable login terminals (prevent error messages in /var/log/syslog every 5 minutes about /sbin/getty respawning too fast)
     SED_FILE='/etc/inittab'
     SED_SEARCH='(^\s*[0-9]+\:[0-9]+\:respawn\:\/sbin\/getty\s+[0-9]+\s+tty[0-9]+\s*$)'
     SED_REPLACE='#\1'
     sed -r "s~${SED_SEARCH}~${SED_REPLACE}~g" -i ${SED_FILE}
    
    
  66. Configure package sources (/etc/apt/sources.list)
     echo "deb     http://ftp.debian.org      squeeze         main contrib"  >/etc/apt/sources.list
     echo "deb-src http://ftp.debian.org      squeeze         main contrib" >>/etc/apt/sources.list
     echo "deb     http://security.debian.org squeeze/updates main contrib" >>/etc/apt/sources.list
     echo "deb-src http://security.debian.org squeeze/updates main contrib" >>/etc/apt/sources.list
    
    
  67. Update package lists
     apt-get update
    
    
  68. Wait for RAID synchronization to complete
     while egrep -iq '(recovery)|(resync)' /proc/mdstat; do
         clear
         cat /proc/mdstat
         sleep 5
     done
     clear
     cat /proc/mdstat
     sync
    
    
  69. Restart device
     reboot; logout
    
    
  70. Congratulations! You should now have a working Debian 6.0 server running on a Buffalo Linkstation Mini.


    Extras

  71. Allow USB flash drives formatted with the VFAT file system (Windows) to be mounted automatically in /media/usb
     SED_FILE='/etc/usbmount/usbmount.conf'
     SED_SEARCH='^(\s*FILESYSTEMS\s*=\s*\")(.*)(\"\s*)$'
     SED_REPLACE='\1\2 vfat\3'
     if ! grep -E '^\s*FILESYSTEMS\s*=\s*\"((vfat\s+[^\"]*)|([^\"]*\s+vfat\s+[^\"]*)|([^\"]*\s+vfat))\"$' "${SED_FILE}"; then sed -r "s~${SED_SEARCH}~${SED_REPLACE}~g" -i ${SED_FILE}; fi
    
    
  72. Add user (never login as root again, use sudo command instead)
     USER_NAME=visitor
     adduser ${USER_NAME}
    
    
  73. Allow user to become super user (using sudo command)
     echo "${USER_NAME}    ALL=(ALL) ALL" >>/etc/sudoers
    
    

See Also

References