MediaTomb - Free UPnP MediaServer

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Revision as of 19:49, 25 November 2009 by Iantivey (Talk | contribs) (Enabling auto start)

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MediaTomb is an open source (GPL) UPnP MediaServer with a nice web user interface, it allows you to stream your digital media through your home network and listen to/watch it on a variety of UPnP compatible devices.

MediaTomb implements the UPnP MediaServer V 1.0 specification that can be found on

Currently Supported Features

  • browse and playback your media via UPnP
  • metadata extraction from mp3, ogg, flac, jpeg, etc. files.
  • Exif thumbnail support
  • user defined server layout based on extracted metadata (scriptable virtual containers)
  • automatic directory rescans
  • sophisticated web UI with a tree view of the database and the file system, allowing to add/remove/edit/browse your media
  • support for external URLs (create links to internet content and serve them via UPnP to your renderer)
  • support for ContentDirectoryService container updates
  • Active Items (experimental feature), allows execution of server side scripts upon HTTP GET requests to certain items
  • highly flexible configuration, allowing you to control the behavior of various features of the server


OpenLink (PowerPC)

ipkg install mediatomb 
  • Run MediaTomb (as a daemon)
mediatomb -d   
  • Configure shares on web interface

go to http://linkstation:49152 to set up shares

OpenLink (MIPSEL)

once the linkstation is opened up and you have telnet access, go to:

and find the appropriate file for your linkstation under the static binaries area. For the linkstation 2 it is mediatomb-static-0.11.0-r2-linux-uclibc-mips2el.tar.gz. at the command prompt on your linkstation go somewhere to store the file:

cd /mnt/hda/
mkdir tmp
cd tmp
wget (or appropriate location)
tar -xvzf mediatomb-static-0.11.0-r2-linux-uclibc-mips2el.tar.gz
then simply type:
cd mediatomb
to start it up.


Although it's not a great idea to use Ipkg and apt on the same box Ipkg seems to keep most of it's files separate in /opt/bin. The above feed/method could only be used for a PowerPC linkstation.

There are instructions for installing mediatomb on Ubuntu linux but they are somewhat specific to ubuntu.


  • this is my fast way to install:
apt-get install libnspr4-0d libmozjs0d
dpkg -i mediatomb_0.10.0-1etch1_arm.deb
  1. add
    deb etch main
    to your /etc/apt/sources.list
  2. install the gpg key for this repository and then install mediatomb:
wget -O- -q | apt-key add -
apt-get update
apt-get install mediatomb
  • after that run mediatomb

it starts server, in bottom of output you can see the internet address for remote control after first loading stop mediatomb by ctrl+c

it auto-creates config files on /root/.mediatomb/

  • Add Playstation 3 DIVX streaming support:
nano /root/.mediatomb/config.xml
  • under <server> add
<protocolInfo extend="yes"/>
  • after <extension-mimetype ignore-unknown="no"> add
<map from="avi" to="video/divx"/>

restart mediatomb

on web admin add your shared folder (remove and repopulate database)

Compiling from source

  • to be done, a number of dependancies would have to be resolved... Spidermonkey seems like to most difficult one


Usage Options

Usage: mediatomb [options]
Supported options:
   --ip or -i         ip address
   --port or -p       server port (the SDK only permits values => 49152)
   --config or -c     configuration file to use
   --daemon or -d     run server in background
   --pidfile or -P    file to hold the process id
    --user or -u       run server under specified username
   --group or -g      run server under specified group
   --add or -a        add the given file/directory
   --logfile or -l    log to specified file
   --help or -h       this help message

Enabling auto start

The current ipkg package provides an init script with some additional configuration. To enable automatic startup of the MediaTomb daemon edit /opt/etc/default/mediatomb and change the value of MT_ENABLE to true. After that start the daemon by issuing the following command:

/opt/etc/init.d/S90mediatomb start

In this configuration MediaTomb will listen on port 50500, this behavior can be changed by editing /opt/etc/mediatomb.conf and restarting the server which can by done by:

/opt/etc/init.d/S90mediatomb restart

The config.xml and the database of the daemon configuration will be created in /opt/etc/mediatomb after the first launch.

If you encounter strange behavior or are not sure what is going on, have a look at the log output which will be located in /opt/var/log/mediatomb