Difference between revisions of "Replacing all drives in a Terastation"

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Managed to replace the 4 160 GB drives in my Terastation 0.6TB (HD-H0.6TGL/R5) with 4 300GB Maxtor drives.  
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{{Template:Articles|Terastation}}
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I managed to replace the 4x 160GB drives in my Terastation 0.6TB (HD-H0.6TGL/R5) with 4x 300GB Maxtor drives.
  
Original Drives = 4 x Western Digital WD 1600BB 160 GB
 
  
New Drives = 4 x Maxtor L01R300 300 GB
+
== Setup ==
 +
* '''Original Drives''' : 4 x Western Digital WD 1600BB '''160GB'''
 +
* '''New Drives''' : 4 x Maxtor L01R300 '''300GB'''
  
Firmware before change - Original Buffalo 2.10 (Japanese) [http://downloads.linkstationwiki.net/terastation/original_buffalo_firmwares/htgl_210.exe]
 
  
This was all done with a WIRED Cardbus Trendnet Gigabit adaptor on my laptop connected directly to the TS, with '''manually assigned IP addresses''' on both the computer and the TS (no DHCP). According to the instructions, this should not be done through a wireless connection, and I wouldn't trust doing it through any router either. The first time I tried to flash the TS, the Wireless adapter on the latop was on (as well as the Gb adapter), and the fw utility didn't seem to like that (I think the TCP metric favored the Wireless). Leaving *only* the Gigabit adapter "on", with one direct cable connection to the TS, and disabling any other network adapter present on the computer appears to be the safest way to flash the fw. It probably can also be done through a Gigabit switch - but to be safe, I wouldn't trust that either.
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* '''Original Firmware''' : 1.12 (''default'')
 +
* '''New Firmware''' : [http://downloads.linkstationwiki.net/terastation/original_buffalo_firmwares/htgl_210.exe Original Buffalo 2.10 (Japanese)]
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:'''''Read the [http://downloads.linkstationwiki.net/terastation/tera_update.htm firmware instructions] before flashing and remember to switch off your firewall'''''
  
Here are the steps I took:
 
  
1 - Flashed the TS with 2.10 (Japanese) firmware before change (was using RAID5 on 4 disks - original fw was 1.12)
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== Before You Start ==
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* '''Software''' - You should know about flashing firmware and the dangers of doing so.
2 - Copied the files I wanted to save from original Terastion disks to an external USB drive connected to the computer. Switched off everything and disconnected all cables.
+
* '''Hardware''' - If you are comfortable changing a motherboard in a computer, then you are probably OK - This is quite a bit more complicated than replacing HDs in a normal computer.
+
3 - Opened Terastation and swapped drives according to TS PDF manual's disassembly instructions (new drives were new and unformatted). Lots of screws - have to keep them carefully separated and tagged as to where they go since their sizes differ.  
+
  
4 - Switched computer and TS back on. Connected TS to computer. It came up on Client utility showing no firmware present.
 
 
5 - Flashed with 2.10 (japanese) fw again - utility ran fine. One dialog box that hadn't come up on the first flash came up. I don't know what it said, but I chose the left button (yes) and it continued. Takes a while to complete, and the computer showed the gigabit adapter switching off and on momentarily a few times. I think a couple of other dialog boxes came up with only one button in them, and I clicked on it every time till the utility went back to its original screen.
 
 
6 - Rebooted computer and TS (on the TS, by holding the front button for a few seconds and waiting for it to power down, and then powering up again).
 
 
7 - Went into the web interface for the TS using the client utility and deleted the newly created default "normal" spanned RAID (array1). The admin password for the TS remained the same as the one I had created before changing the drives.
 
 
8 - A page in Japanese comes up when trying to delete the array, with four numbers on it and an empty text box. In order to delete the array, one has to type in the 4 numbers in the empty box (it is obviously a confirmation screen trying to make sure you want to delete the array).
 
  
9 - Created a RAID5 array. Disk check ran for about 7 hours - no errors.
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=== Firmware Update ===
+
This was all done with a WIRED Gigabit adaptor on my laptop connected directly to the TeraStation, with '''manually assigned IP addresses''' on both the computer and the TeraStation (no DHCP).
10 - Copied the files back from USB external drive to TS.  
+
  
RAID5 partition is now 836.2 GB, so it is almost twice as much as before. All working fine so far (October 7, 2006).
+
According to the instructions, this should not be done through a wireless connection, and I wouldn't trust doing it through any router either. The first time I tried to flash the TeraStation, the Wireless adapter on the latop was on (as well as the Gb adapter), and the firmware utility didn't seem to like that (I think the TCP metric favored the Wireless).  Leaving '''only''' the Gigabit adapter "on", with one direct cable connection to the TeraStation, and disabling any other network adapter present on the computer appears to be the safest way to flash the firmware.  It probably can also be done through a Gigabit switch - but to be safe, I wouldn't trust that either.
 +
 
 +
== Procedure ==
 +
 
 +
'''1''' - Flash the TeraStation with v2.10 (Japanese) Firmware
 +
 
 +
'''2''' - Copy the files you want to save from original TeraStation disks to an external USB drive or other storage area connected to the computer.
 +
 
 +
'''3''' - Switched off everything and disconnected all cables.
 +
 
 +
'''4''' - Open Terastation and swap drives according to [http://www.buffalotech.com/downloads/TeraStation_Manual_Web.pdf TeraStation's disassembly instructions (PDF)].  (''The new drives were new and unformatted'').  There are lots of screws - so keep them carefully separated and tagged as to where they go since their sizes differ.
 +
 
 +
'''5''' - Switch the Terastation back on.
 +
 
 +
'''6''' - Connect the Terastation to your computer and run the Client Utility. It will come up showing no firmware present.
 +
 
 +
'''7''' - Flash with v2.10 (Japanese) Firmware again - The Client Utility should be fine now.
 +
:One dialog box that hadn't come up on the first flash came up.  I don't know what it said, but I chose the left button (YES) and it continued.  It takes a while to complete, and the computer showed the gigabit adapter switching off and on momentarily a few times.  I think a couple of other dialog boxes came up with only one button in them, and I clicked on it every time till the utility went back to its original screen.  Some people have said they needed to restart the flashing a second time in order for it to work (apparently the box mentioned above is a warning about formatting the drives).
 +
 
 +
'''8''' - Reboot the Terastation (by holding the front button for a few seconds and waiting for it to power down, and then powering up again).
 +
 
 +
'''If you want to keep the normal spanned disk created by default, skip steps 9 to 11. To create a RAID5 array, continue with step 9 (RAID 1 "mirrored" is also another possible choice).'''
 +
 
 +
'''9''' - Enter the web interface for the Terastation and delete the newly created default "normal" spanned RAID (array1).
 +
:The admin password for the TS will either be kept as your original password or will revert back to the factory default.
 +
 
 +
'''10''' - When trying to delete the array, a page in Japanese comes up with four numbers and an empty text box (this is something that appears to be unique to the Japanese firmware).  In order to delete the array, you have to type in the four numbers into the empty box (it is obviously a confirmation screen trying to make sure you want to delete the array).
 +
 
 +
'''11''' - Created a new RAID-5 array - The disk check will run for about 7 hours.
 +
 
 +
'''12''' - Copy the files from the USB external drive (or wherever you originally copied them to) back to the Terastation.
 +
 
 +
'''13''' - Switch the computer's firewall back on.
 +
 
 +
== Complete ==
 +
My RAID-5 partition is now 836.2 GB - almost twice as much as before. All working fine so far (October 7, 2006).

Latest revision as of 00:34, 11 November 2007

I managed to replace the 4x 160GB drives in my Terastation 0.6TB (HD-H0.6TGL/R5) with 4x 300GB Maxtor drives.


Contents

Setup

  • Original Drives : 4 x Western Digital WD 1600BB 160GB
  • New Drives : 4 x Maxtor L01R300 300GB


Read the firmware instructions before flashing and remember to switch off your firewall


Before You Start

  • Software - You should know about flashing firmware and the dangers of doing so.
  • Hardware - If you are comfortable changing a motherboard in a computer, then you are probably OK - This is quite a bit more complicated than replacing HDs in a normal computer.


Firmware Update

This was all done with a WIRED Gigabit adaptor on my laptop connected directly to the TeraStation, with manually assigned IP addresses on both the computer and the TeraStation (no DHCP).

According to the instructions, this should not be done through a wireless connection, and I wouldn't trust doing it through any router either. The first time I tried to flash the TeraStation, the Wireless adapter on the latop was on (as well as the Gb adapter), and the firmware utility didn't seem to like that (I think the TCP metric favored the Wireless). Leaving only the Gigabit adapter "on", with one direct cable connection to the TeraStation, and disabling any other network adapter present on the computer appears to be the safest way to flash the firmware. It probably can also be done through a Gigabit switch - but to be safe, I wouldn't trust that either.

Procedure

1 - Flash the TeraStation with v2.10 (Japanese) Firmware

2 - Copy the files you want to save from original TeraStation disks to an external USB drive or other storage area connected to the computer.

3 - Switched off everything and disconnected all cables.

4 - Open Terastation and swap drives according to TeraStation's disassembly instructions (PDF). (The new drives were new and unformatted). There are lots of screws - so keep them carefully separated and tagged as to where they go since their sizes differ.

5 - Switch the Terastation back on.

6 - Connect the Terastation to your computer and run the Client Utility. It will come up showing no firmware present.

7 - Flash with v2.10 (Japanese) Firmware again - The Client Utility should be fine now.

One dialog box that hadn't come up on the first flash came up. I don't know what it said, but I chose the left button (YES) and it continued. It takes a while to complete, and the computer showed the gigabit adapter switching off and on momentarily a few times. I think a couple of other dialog boxes came up with only one button in them, and I clicked on it every time till the utility went back to its original screen. Some people have said they needed to restart the flashing a second time in order for it to work (apparently the box mentioned above is a warning about formatting the drives).

8 - Reboot the Terastation (by holding the front button for a few seconds and waiting for it to power down, and then powering up again).

If you want to keep the normal spanned disk created by default, skip steps 9 to 11. To create a RAID5 array, continue with step 9 (RAID 1 "mirrored" is also another possible choice).

9 - Enter the web interface for the Terastation and delete the newly created default "normal" spanned RAID (array1).

The admin password for the TS will either be kept as your original password or will revert back to the factory default.

10 - When trying to delete the array, a page in Japanese comes up with four numbers and an empty text box (this is something that appears to be unique to the Japanese firmware). In order to delete the array, you have to type in the four numbers into the empty box (it is obviously a confirmation screen trying to make sure you want to delete the array).

11 - Created a new RAID-5 array - The disk check will run for about 7 hours.

12 - Copy the files from the USB external drive (or wherever you originally copied them to) back to the Terastation.

13 - Switch the computer's firewall back on.

Complete

My RAID-5 partition is now 836.2 GB - almost twice as much as before. All working fine so far (October 7, 2006).