Template:Mainpage-rssfeeds

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UNIQ51470dca5393eacc-rss-00000000-QINU UNIQ51470dca5393eacc-rss-00000001-QINU

GISWiki/RSS

Uses an extension from: http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/GISWiki/RSS

RSS-Feed Mediawiki extension

  • original by mutante 25.03.2005
  • extended by Duesentrieb 30.04.2005
  • extended by Rdb78 07.07.2005
  • extended by Mafs 10.07.2005, 24.07.2005
  • extended by User:Arcy 07.09.2005
  • Updated for MediaWiki 1.6 by User:piku 13.06.2006
  • Update for Wikicode output, by User:cogdog 14.jul.2006

Requires:

Installation:

  • put this file (rss.php) into the extension directory of your mediawiki installation
  • add the following to the end of LocalSettings.php: include("extensions/rss.php");
  • make sure magpie can be found by PHP.

Usage:

Use one section between <rss>-tags for each feed. The rss section may contain parameters separated by a pipe ("|"), just like links and templates. These parameters are supported:

charset = ... The charset used by the feed. iconv is used to convert this.
short Do not show the description text for each news item.
max = x Shows x most recent headlines.
highlight = term1 term2 The terms separated by a space are highlighted.
filter = term1 term2 Show only rss items containing at least one of the terms.
reverse display the rss items in reverse order.
title = x display an alternative title instead of chanel name.
title = none dont display any title.

Example:

<rss>http://slashdot.org/slashdot.rss|charset=UTF-8|short|max=5</rss>

A Low Cost, Open Source Geiger Counter (Video)

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 20:01:00

Sawaiz Syed's LinkedIn page says he's a "Hardware Developer at GSU [Georgia State University], Department of Physics." That's a great workplace for someone who designs low cost radiation detectors that can be air-dropped into an area where there has been a nuclear accident (or a nuclear attack; or a nuclear terrorist act) and read remotely by a flying drone or a robot ground vehicle. This isn't Sawaiz's only project; it's just the one Timothy asked him about most at the recent Maker Faire Atlanta. (Alternate Video Link)

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Computer Scientist Parachutes From 135,908 Feet, Breaking Record

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 19:14:00

An anonymous reader writes: The NY Times reports that Alan Eustace, a computer scientist and senior VP at Google, has successfully broken the record for highest freefall jump, set by Felix Baumgartner in 2012. "For a little over two hours, the balloon ascended at speeds up to 1,600 feet per minute to an altitude of 135,908 feet, more than 25 miles. Mr. Eustace dangled underneath in a specially designed spacesuit with an elaborate life-support system. He returned to earth just 15 minutes after starting his fall. ... Mr. Eustace cut himself loose from the balloon with the aid of a small explosive device and plummeted toward the earth at a speeds that peaked at more than 800 miles per hour, setting off a small sonic boom heard by observers on the ground. ... His technical team had designed a carbon-fiber attachment that kept him from becoming entangled in the main parachute before it opened. About four-and-a-half minutes into his flight, he opened the main parachute and glided to a landing 70 miles from the launch site."

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Researcher Finds Tor Exit Node Adding Malware To Downloads

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 18:32:00

Trailrunner7 writes: A security researcher has identified a Tor exit node that was actively patching binaries users download, adding malware to the files dynamically. The discovery, experts say, highlights the danger of trusting files downloaded from unknown sources and the potential for attackers to abuse the trust users have in Tor and similar services. Josh Pitts of Leviathan Security Group ran across the misbehaving Tor exit node while performing some research on download servers that might be patching binaries during download through a man-in-the middle attack. What Pitts found during his research is that an attacker with a MITM position can actively patch binaries–if not security updates–with his own code. In terms of defending against the sort of attack, Pitts suggested that encrypted download channels are the best option, both for users and site operators. "SSL/TLSis the only way to prevent this from happening. End-users may want to consider installing HTTPS Everywhere or similar plugins for their browser to help ensure their traffic is always encrypted," he said via email.

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Employers Worried About Critical Thinking Skills

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 17:49:00

Nerval's Lobster writes: Every company needs employees who can analyze information effectively, discarding what's unnecessary and digging down into what's actually useful. But employers are getting a little bit worried that U.S. schools aren't teaching students the necessary critical-thinking skills to actually succeed once they hit the open marketplace. The Wall Street Journal talked with several companies about how they judge critical-thinking skills, a few of which ask candidates to submit to written tests to judge their problem-solving abilities. But that sidesteps the larger question: do schools need to shift their focus onto different teaching methods (i.e., downplaying the need for students to memorize lots of information), or is our educational pipeline just fine, thank you very much?

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Recent Nobel Prize Winner Revolutionizes Microscopy Again

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 17:07:00

An anonymous reader writes: Eric Betzig recently shared in the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on high-resolution microscopy. Just yesterday, Betzig and a team of researchers published a new microscopy technique (abstract) that "allows them to observe living cellular processes at groundbreaking resolution and speed." According to the article, "Until now, the best microscope for viewing living systems as they moved were confocal microscopes. They beam light down onto a sample of cells. The light penetrates the whole sample and bounces back. ... The light is toxic, and degrades the living system over time. Betzig's new microscope solves this by generating a sheet of light that comes in from the side of the sample, made up of a series of beams that harm the sample less than one solid cone of light. Scientists can now snap a high-res image of the entire section they're illuminating, without exposing the rest of the sample to any light at all."

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rss.php

<?php
# RSS-Feed Mediawiki extension
# 
# original by mutante 25.03.2005
# extended by Duesentrieb 30.04.2005
# extended by Rdb78 07.07.2005
# extended by Mafs  10.07.2005, 24.07.2005
# extended by User:Arcy  07.09.2005
# Updated for MediaWiki 1.6 by User:piku 13.06.2006
# Update for Wikicode output, by User:cogdog 14.jul.2006
#
# Requires: 
#  * magpie rss parser <http://magpierss.sourceforge.net/>
#  * iconv <http://www.gnu.org/software/libiconv/>, see also <http://www.php.net/iconv>
#
# Installation:
#  * put this file (rss.php) into the extension directory of your mediawiki installation 
#  * add the following to the end of LocalSettings.php: include("extensions/rss.php");
#  * make sure magpie can be found by PHP.
#
# Usage:
#  Use one section between <rss>-tags for each feed. The rss section may contain parameters
#  separated by a pipe ("|"), just like links and templates. These parameters are supported:
#
#    * charset=...             The charset used by the feed. iconv is used to convert this.
#    * short                   Do not show the description text for each news item.
#    * max=x                   Shows x most recent headlines.
#    * highlight= term1 term2  The terms separated by a space are highlighted.
#    * filter= term1 term2     Show only rss items containing at least one of the terms.
#    * reverse                 display the rss items in reverse order.
#    * title=x                 display an alternative title instead of chanel name.
#    * title = none            dont display any title.
#
# Example: 
#    <rss>http://slashdot.org/slashdot.rss|charset=UTF-8|short|max=5</rss>
#

#change this according to your magpie installation!
require_once('rss_fetch.inc'); 

#install extension hook
$wgExtensionFunctions[] = "wfRssExtension"; 

#extension hook callback function
function wfRssExtension() { 
  global $wgParser;

  #install parser hook for <rss> tags
  $wgParser->setHook( "rss", "renderRss" );
}

#parser hook callback function
function renderRss($input, $argv, $parser = null) {
  if (!$parser) $parser =& $GLOBALS['wgParser'];
  global $wgOutputEncoding;

  $DefaultEncoding = "ISO-8859-1";
  $DisableCache = true;

  # $input = mysql_escape_string($input);

  if (!$input) return ""; #if <rss>-section is empty, return nothing

  #parse fields in rss-section
  $fields= explode("|",$input);
  $url= @$fields[0];

  $args= array();
  for ($i=1; $i<sizeof($fields); $i++) {
    $f= $fields[$i];

    if (strpos($f,"=")===False) $args[strtolower(trim($f))]= False;
    else {
      list($k,$v)= explode("=",$f,2);
      if (trim($v)==False) $args[strtolower(trim($k))] = False; 
      else $args[strtolower(trim($k))]= trim($v);
    }
  }

  #get charset from argument-array    
  $charset= @$args["charset"];
  if (!$charset) $charset= $DefaultEncoding;

  #get max number of headlines from argument-array
  $maxheads = @$args["max"];
  $headcnt = 0;

  #get short-flag from argument-array
  #if short is set, no description text is printed
  if (isset($args["short"])) $short = True; else $short = False;

  #get reverse-flag from argument-array
  if (isset($args["reverse"])) $reverse = True; else $reverse = False;

  #get highlight terms from argument-array    
  $rssHighlight= @$args["highlight"];
  $rssHighlight= str_replace("  "," ", $rssHighlight);
  $rssHighlight= explode(" ", trim($rssHighlight));

  #get filter terms from argument-array    
  $rssFilter= @$args["filter"];
  $rssFilter= str_replace("  "," ", $rssFilter);
  $rssFilter= explode(" ", trim($rssFilter));    

  #fetch rss. may be cached locally.
  #Refer to the documentation of magpie for details.
  $rss = @fetch_rss($url);


  #check for errors.
  if ($rss->ERROR) {
     # return "Feed error"; #localize...
      #return "<div>Failed to load RSS feed from $url: ".$rss->ERROR."</div>"; #localize...
  }

  if (!is_array($rss->items)) {
     # return "Feed error"; #localize...
      #return "<div>Failed to load RSS feed from $url!</div>"; #localize...
  }

  #Bild title line    
  #get title from argument-array    
  
  $rssTitle= @$args["title"];
  $rssTitle= trim($rssTitle);

  if ($rssTitle !=='none') {
    if ($rssTitle=='') {
        $title= iconv($charset,$wgOutputEncoding,$rss->channel['title']);
        if ($rss->channel['link']) $title= "[".$rss->channel['link']." $title]";
        $output = "=== $title ===\n";
    }
    else
    {
      $title= "[".$rss->channel['link']." $rssTitle]";
      $output="=== $title ===\n";
    }
  } else {
      $output="\n\n\n";
  }
  
  if ($reverse) $rss->items = array_reverse($rss->items);

  $description = False; 
  foreach ($rss->items as $item) {
      if ($item['description']) {$description = True; break;}
  }

  #Bild items
  if (!$short and $description) { #full item list

    $output.="";
    foreach ($rss->items as $item) {

      $d_text = true;
      $d_title = true;

      $href = trim(iconv($charset,$wgOutputEncoding,$item['link']));
      $title = trim(iconv($charset,$wgOutputEncoding,$item['title']));

      $d_title = wfRssFilter ($title, $rssFilter);
      $title= wfRssHighlight($title, $rssHighlight);

      #bild description text if desired
      if ($item["description"]) {
        $text= trim(iconv($charset,$wgOutputEncoding,$item['description']));

        #avoid pre-tags
        $text= str_replace("\r"," ",$text);
        $text= str_replace("\n"," ",$text);
        $text= str_replace("\t"," ",$text);

        $d_text = wfRssFilter ($text, $rssFilter);
        $text= wfRssHighlight($text, $rssHighlight);

        $display = $d_text or $d_title;

      }
        else   {
          $text = "";
          $display = $d_title;
        }       

      if ($display) {
        $output.="* [$href $title]";
        if ($text) $output.="<br>$text";
        $output .= "\n";
      }

    #Cut off output when maxheads is reached:
    if (++$headcnt == $maxheads)  break;

    }
    # $output.="</dl>";
  }
  else { #short item list
   #  $output.="<ul>";
    foreach ($rss->items as $item) {
      $href = trim(iconv($charset,$wgOutputEncoding,$item['link']));
      $title = trim(iconv($charset,$wgOutputEncoding,$item['title']));

        $d_title = wfRssFilter ($title, $rssFilter);
        $title= wfRssHighlight($title, $rssHighlight);

        if ($d_title ) $output.="* [$href $title]\n";

      #Cut off output when maxheads is reached:
      if (++$headcnt == $maxheads)  break;
    }
    # $output.="</ul>";
  }


  if ($DisableCache) {

    global $wgVersion;

    # Do not cache this wiki page.
    # for details see http://public.kitware.com/Wiki/User:Barre/MediaWiki/Extensions
    global $wgTitle, $wgDBprefix;
    $ts = mktime();
    $now = gmdate("YmdHis", $ts + 120);
    $ns = $wgTitle->getNamespace();
    $ti = wfStrencode($wgTitle->getDBkey());

    $version = preg_replace("/^([1-9]).([1-9]).*/", "\\1\\2", $wgVersion);
    if ($version>14) $sql = "UPDATE $wgDBprefix"."page SET page_touched='$now' WHERE page_namespace=$ns AND page_title='$ti'";
    else             $sql = "UPDATE $wgDBprefix"."cur SET cur_touched='$now' WHERE cur_namespace=$ns AND cur_title='$ti'";

    wfQuery($sql, DB_WRITE, "");
  }

  $out = $parser->parse ($output, $parser->mTitle,$parser->mOptions, true, false);
  return $out->getText();
}


function wfRssFilter ($text, $rssFilter) {

  $display = true;

  if (is_array($rssFilter)) {
    foreach($rssFilter as $term) {

      if ($term) {
        $display = false;
        if (preg_match("|$term|i", $text, $a))  {  $display = true; return $display; }
      }
    if ($display) break;
    }
  }
  return $display;
}


function wfRssHighlight($text, $rssHighlight) {

  $i=0;
  $starttag = "v8x5u3t3u8h";
  $endtag   = "q8n4f6n4n4x";

  $color[]="coral";
  $color[]="greenyellow";
  $color[]="lightskyblue";
  $color[]="gold";
  $color[]="violet";

  $count_color = count($color);

  if (is_array($rssHighlight)) {
    foreach($rssHighlight as $term) {
      if ($term) {
        $text = preg_replace("|\b(\w*?".$term."\w*?)\b|i", "$starttag"."_".$i."\\1$endtag", $text);
        $i++;
        if ($i == $count_color) $i=0;
        }
      }
    }
  # to avoid trouble should someone wants to highlight the terms "span", "style", ...
  for ($i=0; $i<5; $i++) {
    $text = preg_replace("|$starttag"."_".$i."|", "<span style=\"background-color:".$color[$i]."; font-weight: bold;\">", $text);
    $text = preg_replace("|$endtag|", "</span>", $text);
    }

  return $text;
}

?>