Troubleshooting Windows shares (samba)

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Troubleshooting Windows shares (samba)

On your Windows machines, use DHCP

This may sound weird, but it solves quite a bit of issues. If you wish to have static addresses, 1 way of doing it is if your router supports static DHCP. This way your PCs/devices will get assigned always the same IP on every dhcp request


Check your file permissions on the samba share

Using shell access, go to the directory that's shared, and list its permissions

    • Add discussion about which file perms are recommended and how to change them.

Windows Vista

A samba "bug" has been fixed in samba v3.0.22 [1][2][3]


To connect a passwort protected share from Vista see:

http://www.scalefree.info/2006/09/vista_and_buffalo_terastation.html

"Just a note in case anyone else runs into this problem.

If you want to connect to a share on a Buffalo Terastation (which seems to be using Samba) from a Windows Vista installation, you need to do the following: Run the Local Security Policy app - secpol.msc Go to Local Policies | Security Options and choose the "Network Security: LAN Manager Authentican Level" item Set it to "Send LM & NLTM, use NTMLv2 session if negotiated"

And that should sort you out."

Works also with Linkstation.

Are you using the same workgroup ?

Make sure that the workgroup you use is the same that your windows computers use:

  • Defined in Windows ;ControlPanel:Network:Identification_Tab:Workgroup_field
  • For a workgroup MSHOME these lines should appear in /etc/smb.conf
[global]
 workgroup = MSHOME

from webmin: Windows Networking->Workgroup

Try adding guest access

While you may want security w/ user/passwords on your shares, enabling guest access is another way of troubleshooting if you can make it work. Be aware this will effectively disable security. [4]

1. Pick a directory you wish to share ie: /mnt/share and change the access permissions to make it readable and writable to everybody.

chmod 777 /mnt/share

2. Add the [share] section to /etc/samba/smb.conf This will create a free to all directory, and set the security to share. Below is a small but complete configuration file you could use.

/etc/samba/smb.conf

[global]
 security = share
 workgroup = MSHOME
 create mode = 777
 directory mode = 777

[share]
 comment = LinkStation Share
 path = /mnt/share
 read only = no 
 public = yes

3. Restart Samba on the Linkstation with this command:

/etc/rc.d/init.d/smb restart

4. In Windows Explorer, doubleclick on Network Neighborhood, then on Entire Network, then on your workgroup (MSHOME in the case), and see if you see your LinkStation
5. Doubleclick the icon to see the share directory.
6. Navigate to the share directory.

Are file names mangled? Try setting the charset

If you find that files copied to your Samba share work fine when using Samba, but appear with garbled characters when accessed through SSH or SCP (e.g. "menú" shows up as "menú"), the problem is probably the charset you are using. You will need to set the unix charset variable in the global section of the smb.conf file to the correct value. For example, if you are using Latin1 in Windows, you set:

unix charset = ISO8859-1

References

  1. Samba Documentation
  2. http://www.samba.org/ The samba web site
  3. http://us4.samba.org/samba/docs/using_samba/toc.html "Using Samba", by Ts, Eckstein, and Collier-Brown (O'Reilly)
  4. Troubleshooters.Com and T.C Linux Library Present: Samba