Difference between revisions of "Upgrade (or replace) the existing LinkStation hard drive"

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{{Template:Articles}}
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{{Template:Articles|Rescue-Backup|General|Hardware}}
''<font color=red><small>
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<font color=red><small>This article based on work by DC and frontalot. Originally by frontalot at Linkstationwiki.org</small></font><br>
This article  
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<small>Some of this information courtesy of http://www.geishuettner.de/docs/Linkstation/ </small>
Based on work by DC and frontalot.
+
Originally by frontalot.
+
at Linkstationwiki.org
+
</small></font>''<br>
+
{{Postit|An easier method | You don't need to do any of the following if you run the firmware updater; it will automatically create the necessary partitions. When you boot the LS up for the first time, the disk full LED will flash, this is the LS creating the partitions, wait until the flashing stops, then run the firmware update (you may need to run it twice as the first may fail). The following instructions are intended for people who wish to preserve their existing data.}}
+
1. Start by making a backup of your existing hard drive. See [[Articles/GeneralBackup]] for instructions on how to perform a backup.
+
  
2. Download a Knoppix bootable Linux CD (see [http://www.knoppix.org Knoppix] or possibly [http://www.damnsmalllinux.org/ Damn Small Linux](not tried)), place the new hard drive in a workstation, and boot using the Knoppix CD.
 
  
3. Now you need to partition the hard drive according to your needs (replacing "x" with whatever letter you have installed the hard drive as):
+
=Old Generation - [[LS1]],[[LS2]],[[HG]],[[HS]]=
  
fdisk /dev/hdx
+
<big>'''Methods''' - There are two ways to go about this:</big><br>
 +
----
 +
:'''You will have to backup the data, if you want to save it in <tt>/mnt</tt> on your own with either method.'''
 +
:[[Disassemble the LinkStation]] and disconnect the [[w:hard drive|hard drive]].
 +
#<big>'''[[#Use the Firmware updater to create partitions and flash the firmware|Use the Firmware updater to create partitions and flash the firmware]]'''</big> <br>This is generally accepted as the easier method to upgrade your Linkstation's hard drive, if you run the firmware updater it will automatically create the necessary partitions. When you boot the LS up for the first time, the disk full LED will flash, this is the LS creating the partitions, wait until the flashing stops, then run the firmware updater (you may need to run it twice as the first may fail).
 +
#<big>'''[[#Backup your entire hard drive, partition a blank drive on a Knoppix workstation|Backup your entire hard drive, partition a blank drive on a Knoppix workstation]]'''</big><br>These instructions are intended for people who wish to preserve their existing <tt>/hda1</tt>. First you will need to [[Create a perfect backup of the LinkStation filesystem]] then partition a new hard drive on a [[w:Knoppix|Knoppix]] workstation. Finally you will have to restore the backup you created and create a swap partition. 
 +
----
  
4. The standard LinkStation setup uses 3 partitions, hda1 (main ~ 400MB), hda2 (swap ~ 300MB), and hda3 (mount ~ remaining). If you want a larger main partition you should do so at this time. Restore your backup:
 
  
dd if=/mnt/whatever/hda1.bin of=/dev/hda1
 
  
5. You must run fix_ext2_magic, check for errors, and resize the backup image if you created a larger main partition:
 
  
 +
----
 +
<table align=right><tr><td>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1a/Hdd_icon.svg/200px-Hdd_icon.svg.png</td></tr></table>
 +
==Use the Firmware updater to create partitions and flash the firmware==
 +
===Backup Data===
 +
Backup the data in <tt>/mnt</tt> that you want to save either by copying it off of your LinkStation using [[Samba]], [[w:FTP|FTP]] or a [[w:USB|USB]] drive. You could create a [[w:Tarball|Tarball]] of this data if you wanted to.
 +
 +
Then take the old drive out of the LinkStation and put the new drive in.
 +
Make sure, it the jumper is set to "Master".
 +
{{Reconnect disk to LS and flash firmware}}
 +
 +
===Restore your Data===
 +
Restore your data by the reverse of what you did to back it up: Transfer the data back using [[Samba]], [[w:FTP|FTP]] or a [[w:USB|USB]] drive. And untar the [[w:Tarball|Tarball]] of this data if you created one.
 +
 +
 +
==Backup your entire hard drive, partition a blank drive on a Knoppix workstation==
 +
===Backup Data and /hda1===
 +
*Start by making a backup of your existing hard drive: [[Create a perfect backup of the LinkStation filesystem]].
 +
*Backup the data in <tt>/mnt</tt> that you want to save either by copying it off of your LinkStation using [[Samba]], [[w:FTP|FTP]] or a [[w:USB|USB]] drive. You could create a [[w:Tarball|Tarball]] of this data if you wanted to.
 +
===Download Knoppix===
 +
Download a [[w:Knoppix|Knoppix]] bootable Linux CD (see [http://www.knoppix.org Knoppix] or possibly [http://www.damnsmalllinux.org/ Damn Small Linux](not tried)), place the new hard drive in a workstation, and boot using the Knoppix CD.
 +
===Partition Hard Drive===
 +
Now you need to partition the new hard drive according to your needs (replacing '''<font color=red>x</font>''' with whatever letter you have installed the hard drive as):
 +
fdisk /dev/hd<font color=red>'''x'''</font>
 +
The standard LinkStation setup uses 3 partitions:
 +
*<tt>hda1 (main ~ 400MB)</tt>
 +
*<tt>hda2 (swap ~ 300MB)</tt>
 +
*<tt>hda3 (mount ~ remaining)</tt>
 +
If you want a larger main partition you should do so at this time.
 +
===Restore your backup of /hda1===
 +
Restore your backup first
 +
dd if=/mnt/whatever/hda1.bin of=/dev/hda1
 +
You must run [[fix_ext2_magic]], check for errors, and resize the backup image if you created a larger main partition:
 
  ./fix_ext2_magic --fix /dev/hdx1
 
  ./fix_ext2_magic --fix /dev/hdx1
 
  e2fsck /dev/hdx1
 
  e2fsck /dev/hdx1
 
  resize2fs /dev/hdx1
 
  resize2fs /dev/hdx1
 +
You may have to use the force option (-f) if resize2fs complains about not running e2fsck.
  
6. You may have to use the force option (-f) if resize2fs complains about not running e2fsck. Next create the ext2 filesystem and swap partition. You can turn off drive checking since we are using ext2 with journaling:
+
===Create the ext2 filesystem and swap partition===
 
+
You can turn off drive checking since we are using ext2 with journaling:
 
  mke2fs -j /dev/hdx3
 
  mke2fs -j /dev/hdx3
  tune2fs -c0 -i0 /dev/hdx2
+
  tune2fs -c0 -i0 /dev/hdx3
 
  mkswap /dev/hdx2
 
  mkswap /dev/hdx2
  
7. Place the hard drive in the LinkStation and reboot. Be patient as the first boot may take longer than normal.
+
===Reboot===
 +
Place the new hard drive in the LinkStation and reboot. Be patient as the first boot may take longer than normal.<br>
 +
===Restore your Data===
 +
Restore your data by the reverse of what you did to back it up: Transfer the data back using [[Samba]], [[w:FTP|FTP]] or a [[w:USB|USB]] drive. And untar the [[w:Tarball|Tarball]] of this data if you created one.
 +
 
 +
=New Generation - [[Information/LSPROOverview|LSPro]],[[HS-DHGL|LSLive]]=
 +
 
 +
There are several ways, but it is not that easy as with the older boxes. Just putting in a blank drive and updating the firmware does not work as the Firmware updater does not find the box. Why? Because in contrast to the older boxes everything but the bootloader(UBoot) is on the hdd. so even EM Mode got implemented via an initrd in /boot (=/dev/sda1).
 +
 
 +
== Cloning the first partition and flashing ==
 +
This way works because you need the first partition (/boot = /dev/sda1) so you can boot to EM Mode
 +
# Follow [[Disassemble_the_LS_Pro]] until you have the hdd in your hand
 +
# Connect the HDD to a pc, also connect the new HDD to it.
 +
# clone /dev/sda1 from the old to the new HDD
 +
# Assemble the LSPro/LSLive again with the new HDD
 +
# Flash the Firmware of your choice or [[Custom_Partitions_on_the_LS_Pro|Build custom partitions on the box]]
 +
# Note - if you are flashing firmware, you may need to go into Debug mode and select the option to rebuild the partition table (click on the 2 yellow circles on the top left of the LSUpdater screen and select Debug from the menu).
 +
 
 +
====Advantages====
 +
* Easy, no Linux Skills needed (if you use Norton Ghost for example)
 +
 
 +
====Disadvantages====
 +
* None currently
  
Some of this information courtesy of http://www.geishuettner.de/docs/Linkstation/.
 
  
  
[[Category:General]]
 
  
[[Category:Hardware]]
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[[Category:LSPro]][[Category:LSLive]][[Category:LS1]][[Category:LS2]][[Category:HS]][[Category:HG]]
[[Category:Howto]]
+

Latest revision as of 17:35, 4 January 2009

This article based on work by DC and frontalot. Originally by frontalot at Linkstationwiki.org
Some of this information courtesy of http://www.geishuettner.de/docs/Linkstation/


Contents

Old Generation - LS1,LS2,HG,HS

Methods - There are two ways to go about this:


You will have to backup the data, if you want to save it in /mnt on your own with either method.
Disassemble the LinkStation and disconnect the hard drive.
  1. Use the Firmware updater to create partitions and flash the firmware
    This is generally accepted as the easier method to upgrade your Linkstation's hard drive, if you run the firmware updater it will automatically create the necessary partitions. When you boot the LS up for the first time, the disk full LED will flash, this is the LS creating the partitions, wait until the flashing stops, then run the firmware updater (you may need to run it twice as the first may fail).
  2. Backup your entire hard drive, partition a blank drive on a Knoppix workstation
    These instructions are intended for people who wish to preserve their existing /hda1. First you will need to Create a perfect backup of the LinkStation filesystem then partition a new hard drive on a Knoppix workstation. Finally you will have to restore the backup you created and create a swap partition.




200px-Hdd_icon.svg.png

Use the Firmware updater to create partitions and flash the firmware

Backup Data

Backup the data in /mnt that you want to save either by copying it off of your LinkStation using Samba, FTP or a USB drive. You could create a Tarball of this data if you wanted to.

Then take the old drive out of the LinkStation and put the new drive in. Make sure, it the jumper is set to "Master".

Connect disk to LS and flash firmware

  • power on LS (Reset button not pressed)
  • Using The LinkStation firmware flasher, you could flash OpenLink, FreeLink or the Stock Firmware.
  • Open the archive and carefully read the included README file for any specific instructions.
  • Disable any firewall(s), including any built-in Windows firewall
  • If you are running some virus checker or worm detection software, disable this also
  • Make sure the LinkStation and your PC are on the same sub-network. This likely requires that you change the IP address (and probably the subnet-mask) of your PC and router to a different IP address in EM Mode it will have a static IP address of 192.168.11.150 or to connect your PC and LinkStation directly with a crossover cable.
  • unpack HD-H*.zip (use the proper firmware for your LS)
  • start HD-H*FWUpdate.exe (use the proper updater for your LS)
GeneralFreeLink1.jpg
  • press "search", should find Linkstation "EM" (Emergency Mode)
  • After finding your LinkStation, press the "Renew Firmware" button, and wait. Have patience, and keep your calm. If you think the Firmware updater is acting strange, do not try to disconnect the LinkStation or abort the update in another way.
  • start update, following messages appear:
Settings are being saved
Firmware is being transmitted
LinkStation Firmware has been renewed
Settings are being restored
  • if You get the following message You are done.
The firmware has been renewed
  • But because the reformatting and partitioning takes too long, the Diskfull LED may blink or you can hear the disk being active (withoug LED indication).

Then you will get:

Attempt to renew firmware has failed
  • if so, wait until Diskfull LED goes off or the disk activity stops after some minutes.
  • press "search" again.
  • start update again.
  • after all the other messages You should get this time:
The firmware has been renewed
  • After flashing connect your LinkStation up to the network with subnet 192.168.1.XXX the LS is now reachable via telnet and the "old" IP. so switch back IP settings and reenable the windows firewall.

Login to the LinkStation

  • Find your LinkStation on the network and Telnet to it with PuTTYtel You will be at the root shell prompt:
telnet linkstation
  • set root password:
passwd
  • change bash to login:
vi /etc/init.d/telnet
  • add a new guest user
useradd -m -d /home/guest guest

Reboot

Be patient as the first boot may take longer than normal.

Restore your Data

Restore your data by the reverse of what you did to back it up: Transfer the data back using Samba, FTP or a USB drive. And untar the Tarball of this data if you created one.


Backup your entire hard drive, partition a blank drive on a Knoppix workstation

Backup Data and /hda1

Download Knoppix

Download a Knoppix bootable Linux CD (see Knoppix or possibly Damn Small Linux(not tried)), place the new hard drive in a workstation, and boot using the Knoppix CD.

Partition Hard Drive

Now you need to partition the new hard drive according to your needs (replacing x with whatever letter you have installed the hard drive as):

fdisk /dev/hdx

The standard LinkStation setup uses 3 partitions:

  • hda1 (main ~ 400MB)
  • hda2 (swap ~ 300MB)
  • hda3 (mount ~ remaining)

If you want a larger main partition you should do so at this time.

Restore your backup of /hda1

Restore your backup first

dd if=/mnt/whatever/hda1.bin of=/dev/hda1

You must run fix_ext2_magic, check for errors, and resize the backup image if you created a larger main partition:

./fix_ext2_magic --fix /dev/hdx1
e2fsck /dev/hdx1
resize2fs /dev/hdx1

You may have to use the force option (-f) if resize2fs complains about not running e2fsck.

Create the ext2 filesystem and swap partition

You can turn off drive checking since we are using ext2 with journaling:

mke2fs -j /dev/hdx3
tune2fs -c0 -i0 /dev/hdx3
mkswap /dev/hdx2

Reboot

Place the new hard drive in the LinkStation and reboot. Be patient as the first boot may take longer than normal.

Restore your Data

Restore your data by the reverse of what you did to back it up: Transfer the data back using Samba, FTP or a USB drive. And untar the Tarball of this data if you created one.

New Generation - LSPro,LSLive

There are several ways, but it is not that easy as with the older boxes. Just putting in a blank drive and updating the firmware does not work as the Firmware updater does not find the box. Why? Because in contrast to the older boxes everything but the bootloader(UBoot) is on the hdd. so even EM Mode got implemented via an initrd in /boot (=/dev/sda1).

Cloning the first partition and flashing

This way works because you need the first partition (/boot = /dev/sda1) so you can boot to EM Mode

  1. Follow Disassemble_the_LS_Pro until you have the hdd in your hand
  2. Connect the HDD to a pc, also connect the new HDD to it.
  3. clone /dev/sda1 from the old to the new HDD
  4. Assemble the LSPro/LSLive again with the new HDD
  5. Flash the Firmware of your choice or Build custom partitions on the box
  6. Note - if you are flashing firmware, you may need to go into Debug mode and select the option to rebuild the partition table (click on the 2 yellow circles on the top left of the LSUpdater screen and select Debug from the menu).

Advantages

  • Easy, no Linux Skills needed (if you use Norton Ghost for example)

Disadvantages

  • None currently