Difference between revisions of "Welcome to the Linkstation Wiki"

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{{Pronunciation}}
 
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===LinkStation===
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__NOTOC__
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The '''Buffalo network-attached storage series''' are [[w:network-attached storage]] devices sold by US and Japanese computer retailers, and have been reviewed by the computer press. <ref>[http://reviews-zdnet.com.com/Buffalo_Gigabit_LinkStation_300GB/4505-3382_16-31385516.html CNET/ZDNET:LinkStation]</ref><ref>[http://reviews-zdnet.com.com/Buffalo_TeraStation_Home_Server_NAS_2TB/4505-3382_16-31864376.html CNET/ZDNET:TeraStation]</ref><ref>[http://linuxdevices.com/articles/AT9676199755.html LinuxDevices.com:LinkStation]</ref><ref> 
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[http://linuxdevices.com/articles/AT4447705222.html LinuxDevices.com:TeraStation]</ref><ref>[http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,1759,1641390,00.asp PC Magazine:LinkStation]</ref><ref>
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[http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,1759,1780692,00.asp PC Magazine:TeraStation]</ref><ref>
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[http://www.tomsnetworking.com/2005/06/27/review_hdhg250lan/ Tom's Networking:LinkStation]</ref><ref>
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[http://www.tomsnetworking.com/2005/05/25/review_terasta/ Tom's Networking:TeraStation]
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</ref> They can be modified<ref>[http://www.yamasita.jp/linkstation.en/index.html English version of “Why don’t you hack the LinkStation/Kuro Box.”]*
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</ref> into [[w:Embedded_Linux|miniature general purpose Linux-based computers]].  The '''LinkStation''' and '''TeraStation''' are intended for the general public, while the '''Kuro Box''' is intended for expert [[w:hackers]] as a cheap platform for [[w:Linux]] development .
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==LinkStation==
 
[[Image:HD-H(G).jpg|thumb|100px|right| The LinkStation]]
 
[[Image:HD-H(G).jpg|thumb|100px|right| The LinkStation]]
The '''LinkStation''' is a small electronic appliance about the size of a book that's intended for use as a [[w:Network-attached_storage|Network-attached storage]] device, but which has earned a fair bit of ubiquity in the Linux and hacker community because of its ability to be converted into a general purpose Linux computer and adapted to tasks completely different from the purpose for which it was sold. The Linkstation has [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethernet Ethernet], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USB USB], and serial ports, but does not have a video output. It is made by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buffalo_Technology Buffalo Technology] a division of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melco Melco]. Produced in Japan, as of 2006 it is also available at American retailers such as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CompUSA CompUSA], as well as in Europe.
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The '''LinkStation''' is a [[w:network attached storage]] appliance sold in North America and Japan, that is significantly notable among the Linux community both in Japan<ref>http://linkstation.yi.org/ - A Japanese website dedicated to hacking the LinkStation.</ref><ref>http://www.type-g.com/ - A Japanese wiki which contains some LinkStation information.</ref> and in the US/Europe<ref>http://linkstationwiki.net - The Linkstation Wiki</ref><ref>[[w:Yahoo!]] Groups: [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/LinkStation_General/ LinkStation General]</ref> for being "hackable" into a generic Linux appliance and made to do tasks other than the file storage task for which it was designed.
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The Linkstation has [[w:Ethernet]], [[w:USB]], and serial ports, but does not have a [[w:Computer_display_standard|video output]]. It is made by [[w:Buffalo Technology]]  <ref>[http://www.buffalotech.com/ Buffalo Technology]</ref> a division of [[w:Melco]]. Produced in Japan, as of 2006 it is also available at American retailers such as [[w:Best Buy]] and [[w:CompUSA]], as well as in Europe.
  
The Linkstation has undergone various improvements since it was first produced. For example, the first generation of this device had a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/100BASE-T 100BASE-T] network adapter using a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parallel_ATA Parallel ATA] hard drive. The most current version includes a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1000BASE-T 1000BASE-T]-capable connection. Most versions of the device use a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC PowerPC] processor but one uses a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIPS_architecture MIPS architecture] processor. Future versions of the device are rumored on hacker web sites to use [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serial_ATA Serial ATA] interfaces for the hard drive.
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The Linkstation has undergone various improvements since it was first produced<ref>LinkStationwiki.net: [http://www.linkstationwiki.net/index.php?title=Information/Information#Hardware_Table_.28LinkStation_and_KuroBox.29 Hardware comparison (LinkStation and Kuro Box)]</ref>. For example, the first generation of this device had a [[w:100BASE-T]] network adapter using a [[w:Parallel ATA]] hard drive. The most current version includes a [[w: 1000BASE-T]]-capable connection. Most versions of the device use a [[w:PowerPC]] processor but one uses a [[w:MIPS architecture]] processor. Future versions of the device use the [[w:Serial ATA]] interface<ref>[http://www.buffalotech.com/products/product-detail.php?productid=152&categoryid=34 LinkStation - SATA Version]</ref>
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<ref>[http://www.buffalotech.com/products/product-detail.php?productid=127&categoryid=27 TeraStation - SATA Version]</ref> for the hard drive.
  
===Kuro Box===
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==Kuro Box==
 
{| cellpadding="10" align="right"
 
{| cellpadding="10" align="right"
 
| <font size="72">'''[[wiktionary:玄|玄]][[wiktionary:箱|箱]]'''</font>
 
| <font size="72">'''[[wiktionary:玄|玄]][[wiktionary:箱|箱]]'''</font>
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<small>Kanji for Kuro Box</small>
 
<small>Kanji for Kuro Box</small>
 
|}
 
|}
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The '''Kuro Box''' is the name for a series of [[w:PowerPC]] processor based [[w:computer]]s intended for use as a [[w:Network-attached storage]] device. The original '''Kuro Box''' was made from spare hardware components the manufacturer<ref>[http://www.revogear.com/ Revogear.com]- American suppliers of KuroBox</ref><ref>[http://www.kuroutoshikou.com www.kuroutoshikou.com]- Japanese supplier of KuroBox</ref> had from the Linkstation. Recent versions of the Kuro Box use later Linkstation hardware or hardware very similar to the one of the Linkstation<ref>[http://www.kurobox.com/mwiki/index.php/Hardware_Specifications Hardware Specifications for the Kuro Box Original,HG, and HG WR models]
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</ref>. All Kuro Box versions are provided without a [[w:Hard Drive]]. The case has the same physical dimensions and shape as the LinkStation, but it is black in color and has the Japanese symbols for Kuro Box - [[w:wiktionary:玄|玄]][[w:wiktionary:箱|箱]] (Literally: expert box) in silver lettering on the side panel.
  
The '''Kuro Box''' is the name for a series of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC PowerPC] processor based [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer computer]s intended for use as a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network-attached_storage network-attached storage] device. The original '''Kuro Box''' was made from spare hardware components the manufacturer had from the Linkstation. Recent versions of the Kuro Box use later Linkstation hardware or hardware very similar to the one of the Linkstation. All Kuro Box versions are provided without a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hard_Drive Hard Drive]. The case has the same physical dimensions and shape as the LinkStation, but it is black in color and has the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanji Kanji] symbols for Kuro Box ([[wiktionary:玄|玄]][[wiktionary:箱|箱]]) in silver lettering on the side panel.
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==TeraStation==
 
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===TeraStation===
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[[Image:TeraStation.jpg|thumb|100px|right| The TeraStation]]
 
[[Image:TeraStation.jpg|thumb|100px|right| The TeraStation]]
The '''TeraStation''' is [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network-attached_storage Network-attached storage] device using a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC PowerPC] processor similar to the LinkStation. It uses 4 internal [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hard_drives Hard drives] mounted in a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAID RAID] array. It comes in a grey [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cube Cube] shaped box in capacities between 0.6 - 2.0 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terabytes Terabytes]
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The '''TeraStation''' is [[w:Network-attached storage]] device using a [[w:PowerPC]] processor similar to the LinkStation. It uses 4 internal [[w:Hard drives]] mounted in a [[w:RAID]] array<ref>[http://www.buffalotech.com/products/product-detail.php?productid=133&categoryid=25 Buffalo's Terastation Listing]</ref>. It comes in a grey [[w:Cube]] shaped box.
  
==Linux Community==
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==Linux community==
  
 
===LinkStation===
 
===LinkStation===
  
As the device runs Linux, Buffalo was required to release their [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Source_code source code] as per the terms of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNU_General_Public_License GNU General Public License]. Due to the availability of source code and the relatively low cost of the device, there are several community projects centered around it. There are two main replacement firmwares available for the device: the first is OpenLink which is based on the official Buffalo firmware with some improvements and features added. The other is FreeLink, which is a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Debian Debian] distribution. It also may be possible to run [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gentoo_Linux Gentoo] on the device.
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As the device runs Linux, Buffalo was required to release their [[w:Source code]] as per the terms of the [[w:GNU General Public License]]. Due to the availability of source code and the relatively low cost of the device, there are several community projects centered around it. There are two main replacement firmwares available for the device: the first is OpenLink<ref>LinkStationwiki.net: [http://linkstationwiki.net/index.php?title=Category:OpenLink Openlink]</ref> which is based on the official Buffalo firmware with some improvements and features added. The other is FreeLink<ref>LinkStationwiki.net: [http://linkstationwiki.net/index.php?title=Category:FreeLink Freelink]</ref>, which is a [[w:Debian]] distribution. It also may be possible to run [[w:Gentoo Linux]] on the device.
  
===Kuro Box===
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===Kurobox===
  
The product was designed by the manufacturer to accept a user supplied [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux Linux] distribution for the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerPC PowerPC]. Several including a KuroBox specific distribution called Sylver, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Debian Debian], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gentoo_Linux Gentoo Linux], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fedora_Core Fedora Core] have been ported to it by various user groups in both the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USA USA]/[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe Europe] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan Japan].
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The product was designed by the manufacturer to accept a user supplied [[w:Linux]] distribution for the [[w:PowerPC]]. Several<ref>www.kurobox.com: [http://www.kurobox.com/mwiki/index.php/Category:Project Projects]</ref> including a Kurobox specific distribution called Sylver, [[w:Debian]], [[w:Gentoo Linux]], and [[w:Fedora Core]] have been ported to it by various user groups in both the [[w: USA]]/[[w:Europe]]<ref>http://www.kurobox.com/ - The Kurobox Page</ref>,and [[w:Japan]]<ref> http://www.kurobox.info/ - A Chinese language forum covering the Kurobox and LinkStation.</ref>
 +
.
  
 
===TeraStation===
 
===TeraStation===
  
Like the LinkStation the device runs it's own version of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux Linux]. Supposedly [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Debian Debian], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NetBSD NetBSD], and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gentoo_Linux Gentoo Linux] distributions have been ported to it.
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Like the LinkStation the device runs its own version of [[w:Linux]]. Supposedly<ref>http://www.terastation.org/ - The Terastation Wiki</ref> [[w:Debian]], [[w:NetBSD]], and [[w:Gentoo Linux]] distributions have been ported to it.
  
 
==Uses==
 
==Uses==
  
The device in various iterations ships with it's own [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_Plug_and_Play Universal Plug and Play] protocol for distribution of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multimedia Multimedia] stored on the device. But it can also be configured as a TwonkyMedia server, a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SlimServer SlimServer], an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Itunes Itunes] server using the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_Audio_Access_Protocol Digital Audio Access Protocol], a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samba Samba] server, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MLDonkey MLDonkey] client, as well as a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network_File_System Network File System] server for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posix Posix] based systems. For use as a backup server, it can be modified to use it with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rsync Rsync] to backup/synchronize data from one or many computers in the network pushing their data, or even having the LinkStation pulling the data from remote servers - beside the use of the Buffalo provided backup software for [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_Windows Windows]. It has also found use in a number of other ways. Notably through it's [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USB USB] interface which comes configured as a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Print_server Print server] but can also use the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_Unix_Printing_System Common Unix Printing System] to act as such for a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USB USB] Printer. Users have managed to get it to use a number of other [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USB USB] devices with the device and the version 2.6 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux_kernel Linux kernel]'s enhanced [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USB USB] support. Additionally, because the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apache Apache] web server software is already installed for the purpose of providing the Buffalo configuration screens, the device is easily converted to be a lightweight web server (and the Buffalo content deleted) and then can serve any content of the operator's choice.
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The device in various iterations ships with its own [[w:Universal Plug and Play]] protocol for distribution of [[w:Multimedia]] stored on the device. It can also be configured as a variety of different media servers <ref>LinkStationwiki.net, [http://linkstationwiki.net/index.php?title=Category:Mediaserver Category:Mediaserver]</ref> TwonkyMedia server, a [[w:SlimServer]], an [[w:Itunes]] server using the [[w:Digital Audio Access Protocol]]<ref>[http://homepage.mac.com/cudmore/KuroBox/Menu42.html Alan's KuroBox-DAAP Information] ([[w:Bonjour (software)|Bonjour]]/[[w:Digital Audio Access Protocol|DAAP]]/[[w:iTunes]])</ref>, a [[w:Samba]] server, [[w:MLDonkey]] client, as well as a [[w:Network File System]] server for [[w:Posix]] based systems. For use as a backup server, it can be modified to use it with [[w:Rsync]] to backup/synchronize data from one or many computers in the network pushing their data, or even having the LinkStation pulling the data from remote servers - beside the use of the Buffalo provided backup software for [[w:Microsoft_Windows|Windows]]. It has also found use in a number of other ways. Notably through it's [[w:USB]] interface which comes configured as a [[w:Print server]] but can also use the [[w:Common Unix Printing System]] to act as such for a [[w:USB]] Printer. Users have managed to get it to use a number of other [[w:USB]] devices<ref>LinkStationwiki.net, [http://linkstationwiki.net/index.php?title=Category:USB Category:USB]</ref> with the device and the version 2.6 [[w:Linux kernel]]'s<ref>LinkStationwiki.net, [http://linkstationwiki.net/index.php?title=Category:Kernel Category:Kernel]</ref> enhanced [[w:USB]] support. Additionally, because the [[w:Apache]] web server software is already installed for the purpose of providing the Buffalo configuration screens, the device is easily converted to be a lightweight web server (and the Buffalo content deleted) and then can serve any content of the operator's choice.
 
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==External links==
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===English Links===
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* [http://www.buffalotech.com/ Buffalo Technology]
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* http://www.revogear.com/
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* [http://www.yamasita.jp/linkstation.en/index.html English version of “Why don’t you hack the LinkStation/Kuro Box.”]
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* [http://www.linkstationwiki.net/ The Linkstation Wiki]
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* [http://www.linkstationwiki.net/index.php?title=Information/Information#Hardware_Table Hardware comparison from LinkStation Wiki]
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* [http://www.kurobox.com/ The KuroBox Page]
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* [http://www.terastation.org/ The Terastation Wiki]
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===Japanese Links===
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* http://linkstation.yi.org/ - A Japanese website dedicated to hacking the LinkStation.
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==References==
* http://www.type-g.com/ - A wiki which contains some LinkStation information.
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<references/>
* http://www.kurobox.info/ - A Japanese language forum covering the Kuro Box and LinkStation.
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[[w:de:Linkstation]]
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[[w:ja:玄箱]]
 
[[Category:Hardware]]
 
[[Category:Hardware]]
 
[[Category:FAQ]]
 
[[Category:FAQ]]

Revision as of 17:25, 28 July 2006


LinkStation ('li[ng]k-'stA-sh&n), n. 1. A Linux Based NAS device. 2. highly modifiable standalone PowerPC, MIPS or ARM computer. Connectivity via Ethernet or USB.

Wiki (wee' kee), n. a type of website that allows anyone visiting the site to add, remove, or otherwise edit all content, quickly and easily, often without the need for registration. This ease of interaction and operation makes a wiki an effective tool for collaborative writing.



The Buffalo network-attached storage series are w:network-attached storage devices sold by US and Japanese computer retailers, and have been reviewed by the computer press. [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8] They can be modified[9] into miniature general purpose Linux-based computers. The LinkStation and TeraStation are intended for the general public, while the Kuro Box is intended for expert w:hackers as a cheap platform for w:Linux development .

LinkStation

The LinkStation

The LinkStation is a w:network attached storage appliance sold in North America and Japan, that is significantly notable among the Linux community both in Japan[10][11] and in the US/Europe[12][13] for being "hackable" into a generic Linux appliance and made to do tasks other than the file storage task for which it was designed. The Linkstation has w:Ethernet, w:USB, and serial ports, but does not have a video output. It is made by w:Buffalo Technology [14] a division of w:Melco. Produced in Japan, as of 2006 it is also available at American retailers such as w:Best Buy and w:CompUSA, as well as in Europe.

The Linkstation has undergone various improvements since it was first produced[15]. For example, the first generation of this device had a w:100BASE-T network adapter using a w:Parallel ATA hard drive. The most current version includes a w: 1000BASE-T-capable connection. Most versions of the device use a w:PowerPC processor but one uses a w:MIPS architecture processor. Future versions of the device use the w:Serial ATA interface[16] [17] for the hard drive.

Kuro Box

Kanji for Kuro Box

The Kuro Box is the name for a series of w:PowerPC processor based w:computers intended for use as a w:Network-attached storage device. The original Kuro Box was made from spare hardware components the manufacturer[18][19] had from the Linkstation. Recent versions of the Kuro Box use later Linkstation hardware or hardware very similar to the one of the Linkstation[20]. All Kuro Box versions are provided without a w:Hard Drive. The case has the same physical dimensions and shape as the LinkStation, but it is black in color and has the Japanese symbols for Kuro Box - (Literally: expert box) in silver lettering on the side panel.

TeraStation

The TeraStation

The TeraStation is w:Network-attached storage device using a w:PowerPC processor similar to the LinkStation. It uses 4 internal w:Hard drives mounted in a w:RAID array[21]. It comes in a grey w:Cube shaped box.

Linux community

LinkStation

As the device runs Linux, Buffalo was required to release their w:Source code as per the terms of the w:GNU General Public License. Due to the availability of source code and the relatively low cost of the device, there are several community projects centered around it. There are two main replacement firmwares available for the device: the first is OpenLink[22] which is based on the official Buffalo firmware with some improvements and features added. The other is FreeLink[23], which is a w:Debian distribution. It also may be possible to run w:Gentoo Linux on the device.

Kurobox

The product was designed by the manufacturer to accept a user supplied w:Linux distribution for the w:PowerPC. Several[24] including a Kurobox specific distribution called Sylver, w:Debian, w:Gentoo Linux, and w:Fedora Core have been ported to it by various user groups in both the w: USA/w:Europe[25],and w:Japan[26] .

TeraStation

Like the LinkStation the device runs its own version of w:Linux. Supposedly[27] w:Debian, w:NetBSD, and w:Gentoo Linux distributions have been ported to it.

Uses

The device in various iterations ships with its own w:Universal Plug and Play protocol for distribution of w:Multimedia stored on the device. It can also be configured as a variety of different media servers [28] TwonkyMedia server, a w:SlimServer, an w:Itunes server using the w:Digital Audio Access Protocol[29], a w:Samba server, w:MLDonkey client, as well as a w:Network File System server for w:Posix based systems. For use as a backup server, it can be modified to use it with w:Rsync to backup/synchronize data from one or many computers in the network pushing their data, or even having the LinkStation pulling the data from remote servers - beside the use of the Buffalo provided backup software for Windows. It has also found use in a number of other ways. Notably through it's w:USB interface which comes configured as a w:Print server but can also use the w:Common Unix Printing System to act as such for a w:USB Printer. Users have managed to get it to use a number of other w:USB devices[30] with the device and the version 2.6 w:Linux kernel's[31] enhanced w:USB support. Additionally, because the w:Apache web server software is already installed for the purpose of providing the Buffalo configuration screens, the device is easily converted to be a lightweight web server (and the Buffalo content deleted) and then can serve any content of the operator's choice.

References

  1. CNET/ZDNET:LinkStation
  2. CNET/ZDNET:TeraStation
  3. LinuxDevices.com:LinkStation
  4. LinuxDevices.com:TeraStation
  5. PC Magazine:LinkStation
  6. PC Magazine:TeraStation
  7. Tom's Networking:LinkStation
  8. Tom's Networking:TeraStation
  9. English version of “Why don’t you hack the LinkStation/Kuro Box.”*
  10. http://linkstation.yi.org/ - A Japanese website dedicated to hacking the LinkStation.
  11. http://www.type-g.com/ - A Japanese wiki which contains some LinkStation information.
  12. http://linkstationwiki.net - The Linkstation Wiki
  13. w:Yahoo! Groups: LinkStation General
  14. Buffalo Technology
  15. LinkStationwiki.net: Hardware comparison (LinkStation and Kuro Box)
  16. LinkStation - SATA Version
  17. TeraStation - SATA Version
  18. Revogear.com- American suppliers of KuroBox
  19. www.kuroutoshikou.com- Japanese supplier of KuroBox
  20. Hardware Specifications for the Kuro Box Original,HG, and HG WR models
  21. Buffalo's Terastation Listing
  22. LinkStationwiki.net: Openlink
  23. LinkStationwiki.net: Freelink
  24. www.kurobox.com: Projects
  25. http://www.kurobox.com/ - The Kurobox Page
  26. http://www.kurobox.info/ - A Chinese language forum covering the Kurobox and LinkStation.
  27. http://www.terastation.org/ - The Terastation Wiki
  28. LinkStationwiki.net, Category:Mediaserver
  29. Alan's KuroBox-DAAP Information (Bonjour/DAAP/w:iTunes)
  30. LinkStationwiki.net, Category:USB
  31. LinkStationwiki.net, Category:Kernel

w:de:Linkstation w:ja:玄箱